Chapter 7 Ethnicity Worksheet.pdf - Seowon Back Key Issue 1...

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Seowon Back Key Issue 1: Where Are Ethnicities Distributed? Pages 230-239 ***Always keep your key term packet out whenever you take notes from Rubenstein. As the terms come up in the text, think through the significance of the term. 1. Define ethnicity : Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth 2. Define race : Identity with a group of people who are perceived to share a physiological trait, such as skin color 3. Define nationality: identity with a group of people who share legal attachment to a particular country 4. Why is ethnic diversity controversial in the United States? Because there is a question of how much of a preference should be given to minority ethnicities to correct past patterns of discrimination? Also, there is not much a distinct cultural identity of ethnicities within the United States. 5. What are the three most numerous ethnicities in the United States? Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, and African Americans 6. Why is it harder to pinpoint more precisely the origins of African Americans? 300 years ago, some Africans were forcibly taken from lands in Africa that were not yet organized into sovereign countries, and records of the ethnic origin of those taken as slaves were not kept. 7. Define: Hispanic A Hispanic American is a person who has migrated to (or whose ancestors have migrated) to the United States from a Spanish-speaking country in Latin America. 8. In the chart below, explain where each ethnic group is clustered in the United States. Use page 234-235
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Hispanics clustered in the Southwest African American clustered in the Southeast Asian American clustered in the West (including Hawaii) 9. Define: racism and racists Racism is the belief that race is the primary determent of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. A racist is a person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism. 10. What might be benefits and challenges of changing the census questions about ethnicity and race from multiple choice questions to short answer format? It would be beneficial for change the format of census ethnicity questions from multiple choice to short answer format to let people decide on their own how they choose to self-identify. This may lead to more accurate demographic information in the country. 11. How have ethnic enclaves changed in the U.S. cities in recent times? In the early to mid-twentieth century, emigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe traveled to Midwestern U.S. cities to find work in the expanding industrial base. By the late twentieth century, many children and grandchildren of these immigrants moved from urban enclaves to suburbs, sometimes forming ethnoburbs. 12. What is an ethnic enclave?
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