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Running head: MIDTERM 1 Midterm Jessica Singh American Public University December 27 th , 2018 Doctor Thomas King
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MIDTERM 2 Midterm 1. Psychological abnormality may include deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger. First, briefly explain what each term means in this context. Then, for each term, provide a specific example of when it (e.g., distress) would be considered “normal” and, separately, an example of when it would be considered “abnormal”. Last, explain why it is important to understand this distinction. The four D’s of psychological abnormality are deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger. Deviance is when an individual displays behavior that may be described as extreme, unusual, bizarre, and different (Comer, 2015). An example of “normal” deviance would be if a person was very much into dental health and would brush his or her teeth after each meal; this may be seen as deviance because most people only brush their teeth once or twice a day. On the other hand, if an individual is obsessed with dental health and with the feeling of being clean and brushes his or her teeth multiple times a day. This would be more abnormal deviance because finding the needs to brush one’s teeth excessively is unusual and a little bizarre. Distress is a type of pressure a person may feel when they experience something unpleasant and upsetting to the person; this pressure causes that individual to experience high levels of stress. An example of normal behavior during a time of distress could be shown if a person loses a close friend in a car accident. The individual is likely to experience a period of grief, and may then feel anxiety when driving and may be fearful of other drivers. However, if the individual is still experiencing the same level or fear and anxiety, or a higher level of fear and anxiety, it is abnormal behavior. Then, if the individual refrains from leaving the house because of this fear and anxiety, it is even more abnormal and qualifies and abnormal distress.
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MIDTERM 3 According to Comer (2015) , dysfunction is when an individual’s abnormal behavior causes interferes with his or her daily functions. An example of dysfunction in a normal perspective would could be seen in a teenage relationship. For example, take a teenage couple in high school and think of what his or her daily functions should consist of; going to school, going to all classes, mingling with friends and teachers, going home and doing homework, then spending the rest of the day engaged in whatever hobbies the students have. However, when teenage couples get together, their “normal” daily functions may be interrupted; the couple may not attend classes as they should, may not complete necessary assignments, or may not engage in their normal hobbies. An example of how this behavior could be abnormal is if the couple becomes obsessed with one another and forbids each other with having any sorts of interactions with the outside world. This is not only an unhealthy relationship, but also is a classic example of abnormal and dysfunctional behavior. The final “D” of psychological abnormal behavior is
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