02 07 Greek Architecture.pdf - Greek Art I Architecture...

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Greek Art I: ArchitectureARTD 1010 Siwin Lo
Lesson plan:Review of last class New concepts: formal vs. contextual analysis Greek Architecture: The Parthenon Questions for Reading Response
Last class:Ancient Egypt When and where was Ancient Egypt? Pyramids: Tombs for Pharaohs Sculpture: Depicting the body in 3D Low-relief sculpture and painting: Depicting the body in 2D Politics of style
Questions from last class“Why was the Queen’s chamber lower than the King’s chamber in the pyramid of Khufu?” As it turns out, modern Egyptologists do not think that this chamber served as a burial chamber for the Queen. Rather, It is possible that a statue of the king or his ka (soul) might have stood in the niche, but this is pure speculation. Mark Lehner (1997) argues that the Queen's Chamber would have been sealed off, transforming it into a Serdab (a room for the king's spiritual soul or Ka as found in many pyramids and in Djoser´s Step Pyramid Complex).
New concepts: Routes of Analysis*Formal analysis: Everything in the artwork: the way it looks, its elements of style (“artistic analysis”) Contextual analysis: Everything outside the artwork: the politics that were happening when it was made, its religious function, the history of its making (“historical analysis”)
Important Egyptian Formal Elementsfigural idealization: pharaohs look young, healthy, and timeless standardized use of composite perspective in two-dimensional representation development of the mastaba to the pyramid

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