701 P2018 Lecture 6c Arctic Canada D2L.pdf

701 P2018 Lecture 6c Arctic Canada D2L.pdf - The...

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The International Geophysical Year (IGY): 1 July 1957–31 Dec 1958 As part of IGY, Canada initiated its “Polar Continental Shelf Project” (PCSP) to conduct many forms of basic field science studies of High Arctic From scientific point of view, Canada knew little about the Arctic Done under the PC government of John Diefenbaker (PM from 1957-63) Diefenbaker’s “Northern Vision” initiative
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From Richard Powell, “Science, sovereignty and nation: Canada and the legacy of the IGY, 1957-1958,” Journal of Historical Geography 34(2008): 618-638. Like other Cold War science initiatives, the PCSP was only partly about the science, and it was motivated mainly by geopolitical concerns.
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From Doel, et al., “Strategic Arctic science: national interests in building natural knowledge—interwar era through the Cold War.” Journal of Historical Geography 44(2014): 60-80. US construction of Thule Air Base, Greenland, 1951. Assumed Soviet attack would likely come over the
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