701 P2018 Lecture 5c Early genetics & eugenics D2L.pdf

701 P2018 Lecture 5c Early genetics & eugenics D2L.pdf...

This preview shows page 1 - 8 out of 25 pages.

The first biotechnology? Eugenics and early genetics in an agricultural context.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Charles Davenport (1866-1944) v Zoology, Harvard & Univ. of Chicago v Key figure in agricultural science: v Founding member of the American Breeders Association (1903) v Major contributor to American Breeders Magazine (started 1910) v 1904 Founding Director, Cold Spring Harbor Station for the Experimental Study of Evolution (1904) & Eugenics Record Office (1910) v Early reputation built on poultry breeding research v Davenport became the leading US promoter of scientific (genetics-based) eugenics
Image of page 2
A little background v 1859 Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species v Theory of evolution by mechanism of natural selection v Problem of heredity v Popularization of “social Darwinism” v Herbert Spencer
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

A little background v Francis Galton (1822-1911) v Victorian polymath, founder of modern statistics, cousin of Darwin v 1883 coined term “eugenics” (“well-born”) v Active measures for social improvement v “Positive” eugenics: promotion of fertility among “fittest” classes
Image of page 4
A little background v Galton thought of evolution & natural selection in statistical terms: For example, if this curve represents height in a given population, natural selection might operate on tall or short outliers under changing conditions, thus shifting the mean one way or the other. Some of Galton’s students such as Karl Pearson would greatly develop these ideas into what came to be known as Biometrics.
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Used family pedigree charts to track behavioral traits such as “ability,” “criminality,” “feeble-mindedness,” “alcoholism,” etc.
Image of page 6
Francis Galton v 1883 “Eugenics” ( Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development ) v Active measures for social (national, racial) improvement; term means “well-born” v Galton advocated “positive” social eugenics: v
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 8
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern