The Perspective of Children on Childhood.pdf

The Perspective of Children on Childhood.pdf - Education...

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Education and Science Vol 43 (2018) No 196 1-25 1 The Perspective of Children on Childhood Neslihan Avcı 1 , Pelin Pekince 2 Abstract Keywords The present study was conducted to determine the perspectives of children on childhood and the reasons that lie behind their desire to grow up. The study was conducted with the phenomenological research design, a qualitative research method. Participants of the study included 18 children in the 10-12 age group selected using snowball sampling. The data were collected by semi-structured interviews conducted with the children. The aim was to use child- specific methods when selecting data collection instruments. Participants were asked to play an icebreaker game adequate for their age group and then to read a story about childhood to understand how they perceive childhood. The data obtained in the interviews were analyzed with "descriptive analysis" under four themes determined in the study. It was observed that there were children who had positive views about childhood, did not grow up and were happy with childhood, while most children wanted to grow up as soon as possible, were " restricted too much " by their families, " wanted to become individuals who gave orders instead of those who received them " and " wanted to establish their own rules ". Childhood Perspective on childhood Childhood perception Childhood from the perspective of children Article Info Received: 10.30.2017 Accepted: 05.10.2018 Online Published: 10.11.2018 DOI: 10.15390/EB.2018.7586 Introduction The concept of childhood is a social construct that has been considered with a different approach in every society and has been the subject of several changes through the history (Archard, 2004; Heywood, 2003; James & Prout, 1997; Jenks, 2005; Marshall, 1999; Onur, 2005; Postman, 1995; Sorin, 2005). The way childhood was constructed, it was designed and perceived always reflects a cultural and historical perspective (Elkind, 1999; Jenks, 2005; Marshall, 1999). This changing perspective became an important factor that determines the rights and obligations of the children, the values assigned and the education provided for the children in a society (Tan, 1989, p. 73; Sorin, 2005, p. 12). Social and cultural problems experienced in the construction of childhood influence the perception of childhood in the society (Woodhead, 1997). In the past, childhood was perceived as a biological process where the children needed adults and had no particular rights (Postman, 1995; Woodhead, 1997). However, the common perspective today is that children are not only biologically but also socially individuals and they have rights to conduct a life that would ensure the physical, mental, moral and social development of all children. It is considered that an appropriate environment that would provide these rights should be established for children (Archard, 2004; Postman, 1995; Sözer, 2003).
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  • Fall '06
  • Gardner
  • Educational years, Fifth grade, N. Avcı, P. Pekince, Perspective of Children

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