MMW14 Final Study Guide - MMW 14 Chang Track Fall 2018...

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MMW 14Chang Track Fall 2018Final Exam Review Guide(This is meant to be a review guide, not the exam itself. Ultimately, you are responsible for all the key materials in the readings and lectures.)You will have 3 hours to finish your final exam. If you arrive more than 10 minutes late to the exam, you will forfeit your right to take it. (PLEASE REMEMBER TO BRING TWO UNMARKED BLUEBOOK FOR EXCHANGE)REVIEW SESSION: MONDAY DECEMBER 10 @ 7:00 PM, CENTER HALL 109Part One: Multiple choice and Matching Terms (30%)You need to be familiar with the historical context and significance of the following names and terms from your readings and lectures. Be sure you are able to address the appropriate “who?” “what?” “where?” and “when?’, and most importantly, “why?” questions associated with each one FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE READINGS ASSIGNED IN THE COURSE. This means that each of your answers must begin with a reference to specific authors or texts on which your response is based. Questions will be drawn from this guide. BUT, this is also very useful for the passage identification and essay portions.Key Terms and NamesImperialism’s “Heart of Darkness”Frederick Lugard’s Africa policyRely on local authorities and customsRetain the traditional customary laws of the land rather than impose direct ruleResources in industrialized lands were dwindling, Africa seen as a land w abundant resources: such as ivory and rubbersBerlin West Africa ConferenceSet ground rules for staking claimsMeeting b/w European powers involving control over AfricaTimely notification of intentDemonstrate real occupation (concrete): conquest/allegianceNoble-minded intentions: civilization and Christianity--bring progressSwift and effective partitioning of entire African continent by European powersExploit Africa’s resourcesKing Leopold II
2nd king of BelgiumSet up the free trade zoneFree marketObsessed w wealth and powerLied saying Wanted to spread “Christianity” to the ppl of CongoExtracted ivory with brutal means---quest for immense profitsHarsh labor practices 1890-1908---4 million Africans killedCongo Free StateLarge area of africa controlled by King Leopold IIHe said that hand mutilation was commonly practiced by Africans, but it was really his push to extract more ivory and rubbersBrutal extortion of labor led to deaths of over 4 million AfricansRoger Casement’s reportBritish consul to CongoInvestigate and expose the brutal practices of CongoEnded in inhumane practiceEdmund MorelInvestigate the transactions of the Anglo-Belgian India Rubber CompanyLegal documents discovered of how they gained massive profit in for such a low costEach share 500 grand9 yrs later: each share 15 thousand grandCommodity (rubber) extracted through violent means, military forceAnglo-Belgian India Rubber CompanyThe company that earned profit from rubber from Congo at a quick paceEach stock cost 500 francs but then increased to 1500 francs per share

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