test 3 notes - Chapter 7 - Nonverbal Communication - pgs...

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Chapter 7 - Nonverbal Communication - pgs 191 – 201 Interaction Adaptation Theory – People interact with others by adapting to their communication behaviors Interactional Synchrony – mirroring nonverbal behavior Why learn nonverbal communication? 1. Communicate our feelings and attitudes 2. More believable than verbal 3. Work with verbal messages to create meaning Can substitute, repeat, contradict or regulate verbal messages. Accent and complement emotional messages 4. People respond and adapt to others through non verbal messages 5. Play a major role in initiating, maintaining, and developing interpersonal relationships
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Category Definition Example Emblems Behaviors that have specific, generally understood meaning Raising a hitchhiking thumb Illustrators Cues that accompany verbal messages and add meaning to the message Pounding the lectern to make a point Affect Displays Expressions of emotion Hugging someone to express love Regulators Cues that control and manage the flow of communication between two people Looking at someone when you wish to speak Adaptors Behaviors that help you adapt to your environment Scratching; combing your hair Edwin T. Hall’s Classification of Spatial Zones Distance From The Individual Examples Zone One Intimate Space 0-1½ feet Communicating with our most intimate acquaintances Zone Two Personal Space 1 ½ feet – 4 feet Conversing with good friends and family members Zone Three Social Space 4 feet – 12 feet Working with others in small groups and in professional situations Zone Four Public Space 12 feet and beyond Public Speaking situations Categories of Movement and Gestures
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Proxemics – Study of how close and how far away people and objects position themselves. Territoriality Markers – Tangible objects used to show ownership or occupancy. Chapter 7 pgs 201 - 212 Movements and Gestures Eye Contact Communicate information, status, warmth, credibility, interest in others, attitudes, liking Facial Expressions Serves cognitive, monitoring, regulatory, and expressive functions Vocal Cues Communicate emotion through pitch, rate, volume, and quality; modify the meaning of messages Personal Space Provides information about intimacy, status, and power Territoriality Shows occupancy or ownership Touch Communicates intimacy, affection, or rejection Appearance Influences perceptions of credibility and attraction Codes of Non-verbal Communication
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Chapter 7 pgs 213 - 221 Dimensions for Interpreting Nonverbal Behavior A-I-D Dimension Definition Nonverbal Cues Arousal Cues that communicate active interest and emotional involvement Eye contact, varied vocal cues, animated facial expressions, forward lean, movement Immediacy Cues that communicate liking and pleasure Eye contact, touch, forward lean, closeness to partner Dominance
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test 3 notes - Chapter 7 - Nonverbal Communication - pgs...

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