CI 250 notes for exam one

CI 250 notes for exam one - CI 250 Pioneering Efforts Jean...

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CI 250 January 10, 2007 Pioneering Efforts Jean Marc Itard , Paris 1790, attempts to train Victor, “wild boy of Aveyron.” This is considered the first effort in special education. Victor was a boy about the age of 12. Who they thought was raised in the wild with animals and Itard took him in trying to educate the man/civilize the man. He had no social skills or language skills when first captured. Really only responded to food and drink. Itard believed the boy suffered cultural deprivation and used sensory stimulation to teach a few minor skills and reduce “wild” behavior. Victor died at about age 40. Edward Sequin , 1842, was responsible for the founding of the first school in Paris for care and education of children with mental retardation. Sequin, student of Itard migrated to the US, 1848, and initiated many programs for children with mental retardation. Founder of the American Association for Mental Retardation. Sequin stressed the importance of training and education with a hopeful and optimistic view. Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe , Mass., was a major influence in bringing about state involvement in the education of the mentally retarded. Howe became aware of the relationship between sensory loss and retardation. Started classes for children with mental retardation at the Perkins School for the Blind, Watertown, Mass., 1837. Most remembered for his work with Laura Bridgeman who was both blind and deaf. She was the first deaf-blind person to language. Influenced the education of Helen Keller. (page 445 in text for more info) Almshouses – 1820’s, were established for the destitute and poor, but became “catchalls” for persons with disabilities and retardation. Dorthea Dix, 1843, was influential in the closing of Almshouses. Reform schools – mid 1830’s, were intended to be a “house of refuge” but became harsh with brutal discipline. Emphasis was on proper brutal discipline. Emphasis was on proper parental models of behavior, and separation from breeding grounds of delinquency, like the city. State hospital systems – later 1850s Optimism to Pessimism In the mid-1860’s, there was a mood of optimism regarding education of the mentally retarded. With the dramatic publication of Origin of Species , 1857, by Charles Darwin, the hereditary or biological view of ability increased dramatically. This led to a very negative view of educating persons with disabilities.
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State Hospitals and Reform Schools Typically located in rural or isolated areas of states. Rationale was the safety of persons living in the institutions and access to healthy country living and working in agriculture. It was an accepted notion that the urban environment was the primary cause of
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course CI 250 taught by Professor -- during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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CI 250 notes for exam one - CI 250 Pioneering Efforts Jean...

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