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CI 250 review exam one

CI 250 review exam one - CI 250 Review Exam 1 Perry...

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CI 250 Review Exam 1 Perry Preschool Project Early intervention for MR Early intervention programs for children may be categorized according to the goals: o Those with the purpose of prevention designed for children “at-risk” o Those designed to further the development of children already identified Perry preschool project Abecedarian Project Early childhood programs for at-risk children and their families. Infant Stimulation program the study where they split kids up into two different day cares: one with special programming and one without. The results were that the kids with the programming have obtained better scores and are more likely to attend a four year college. Skeels and Dye study H.M. Skeels and H.B. Dye, 1930s reported the increase of IQ scores of children with retardation who had been removed from a “dreary” orphanage and placed with surrogate mothers having mild retardation. Children reared in deprived environments often show remarkable progress in their intellectual development if they are given intellectual and environmental stimulation. Followup of Skeels and Dye – 21 years later, 1950s Experimental Group = 13 removed from the dreary orphanage and placed with surrogate mothers having mild retardation. Control Group = 13 remained in institutional care. Idependence o Control group – one died in a state institution and nine remained in the institutional care. o Experimental Group – all were self-supporting adults living independently. Education o Control group completed median of a 3 rd education o Experimental Group completed a median of a 12 th grade education, 4 had between 1 and 4 years of college and 1 completed college and attended graduate school.
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Conclusion from Skeel and Dye The interaction between genetics and environment impacts on intelligence. The exact contribution is unknown. Those experiencing environmental deprivation, particularly at an early age, are likely to have cultural-familial retardation. Change in environmental variables can impact on intelligence. Purpose of multicultural education Multicultural Education A major goal of multicultural education is to ensure that all students are taught in ways that do not penalize them because of cultural or life experiences. How can we assure that cultural differences are not used to identify children for special education? How can cultural differences turn into assets for learning? The great “melting pot” concept is antiquated in the modern world. How do we deal with the “dilemma of difference?” That is, either ignoring or recognizing students’ cultural differences can perpetuate them and maintain inequality of social power. What is the “common ground” in the need for some assimilation and some retention of cultural and ethnic differences?
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