Txbk-Ch21. 18.19.20.docx - Rachel Deshaies Mr Comtois Ch 21#18,19,20 18(doc 6.3 and 6.4 Abrams v U.S 1919 a Describe the background question and outcome

Txbk-Ch21. 18.19.20.docx - Rachel Deshaies Mr Comtois Ch...

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Rachel Deshaies March 26, 2019 Mr. Comtois Ch. 21 #18,19,20 18. (doc 6.3 and 6.4) Abrams v U.S. 1919 a. Describe the background, question and outcome of the Supreme Court case. i. Background: After the U.S. participated in the military operation in Russia in 1918 against Germany Russian immigrants began creating literature that called for strikes against ammunitions plants to undermine the war effort. The two defendants were sentenced 20 years in prison after denouncing the war and production of weapons. ii. Question: Is the First Amendment violated by the application of the amendments to the Espionage Act? iii. Outcome: The court said that calling for a general strike against ammunitions production did violate the Espionage Act. They said that such propaganda was a danger to the war effort and that during wartime protection of the First Amendment are lower. b. Why did Oliver Wendell Holmes dissent in the Abrams case? i. Holmes was against the case because he did not see two pamphlets are a valid enough reason to spark controversy. He did not see how these two papers caused an uprising in the United States, because he thought the first amendment protected their right to say it. 19. (Doc 4.10) Woodrow Wilson: 14 Points a. What were the seven main points of Wilson's “14 Points”? i. No alliances between nations; lasting peace between all ii. Freedom of seas iii. Removal of all economic barriers iv. National militaries weapons should be reduced v. Adjustment of colonial claims vi. Territory of invaded nations should be returned vii. A general association of nations should be formed 20. (Doc 4.11) Woodrow Wilson: League of Nations a. What was Wilson’s goal for the League of Nations? i. Wilson’s goal for the League of Nations was maintain a lasting peace and avoid war. He wanted each country to be represented through representatives and hoped that the League would be able to solve international problems peacefully.

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