V272 Final Paper.docx - Running head OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING CASE STUDY Oklahoma City Bombing Case Study Bridget Sexton Indiana University Purdue

V272 Final Paper.docx - Running head OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING...

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Running head: OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING CASE STUDY Oklahoma City Bombing Case Study Bridget Sexton Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis 5 December 2018 1
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OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING CASE STUDY Introduction On the morning of April 19, 1995, a truck was parked in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; at 9:02 am, a bomb inside of the truck detonated and killed 168 people and left hundreds more injured (Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI], 2016). It was later found that the person behind the attack was an American security guard and former U.S. Army soldier Timothy McVeigh. According to CNN (2018), McVeigh was associated with right-wing and militant Patriot Movements and, “McVeigh claimed he targeted the building in Oklahoma City to avenge the raid on Waco” (Cable News Network [CNN], 2018). This event instilled fear into U.S. citizens and many federal agencies responded to the event and worked to further prevent any future terrorist attacks. Terrorist event profile On the two-year anniversary of the deadly federal raid of the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas, a rental truck full of explosives was parked in the drop-off area in front of the north entrance of the nine-story Alfred P. Murrah building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The bomb inside of the truck was made with a mixture of agricultural fertilizer, diesel fuel, and other chemicals; then was detonated by Timothy McVeigh at 9:02 am on April 19, 1995 (FBI, 2016). The surrounding area instantly looked like a war zone; a third of the building was turned into rubble, dozens of cars in the area were incinerated, and more than 300 surrounding buildings were damaged or destroyed. The explosion killed 168 people, including 19 children, and several hundred more were injured. The bombing in Oklahoma City was the worst act of homegrown terrorism in the nation’s history (FBI, 2016). 2
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OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING CASE STUDY The building housed several federal agencies including: The Drug Enforcement Agency, the Secret Service, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives was the agency that had launched the initial raid on the Branch Davidian compound (History.com Editors, 2009). The event in Waco, Texas was an FBI raid on the Branch Davidian compound. During the raid, the leader, David Koresh, and eighty of his followers died. The members of the sect revealed their roots in a radical-right milieu, whose hatred for the federal government had been fueled by deadly encounters between federal law enforcement and survivalists and white supremacists. (Nacos, 2016, p. 433). According to Nacos (2016), McVeigh’s presence at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco magnified his hate of the federal government and was the main trigger event for the bombing in Oklahoma City. McVeigh also had the events of Ruby Ridge, Idaho on his mind when he was planning his attack. At Ruby Ridge in 1992, there was an
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