GRST+323+W2019+Handout+1-2.pdf - Pharmakon= The ancient...

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GRST 323 W2019 :: ANCIENT MEDICINE AND THE MINDHANDOUT #1Important terminology: Archaic Period, Classical Period, Hellenistic Period, Imperial Period,Atlas, psyche (ψυχή),pharmakon(φάρμακον)__________________(1) Chronological time span, noting broad historical periods, major historical events, keyfigures in ancient Greek medical thought, etc.[NBFl.=floruit= 'flourished']c. 800-479 BCE — ARCHAIC PERIODc. 800 BCEHomeric poems (Iliad,Odyssey)492-479 BCEPersian Wars479-323 BCE — CLASSICAL PERIODc. 492-432 BCEEmpedocles of Acragas (in Sicily)c. 460-380 BCEHippocrates of Cos, 'Father of Medicine'431-404 BCEPeloponnesian War430-427 BCEPlague428-347 BCEPlato of Athensc. 385Foundation of Plato's Academy384-322Aristotle of Stagirac. 335Foundation of Aristotle's LyceumFl.c. 330Diocles of Carystus336 BCEAlexander becomes King of Macedon331 BCEFounding of Alexandria in Egypt323 BCEDeath of Alexander of Macedon323-31 BCE — HELLENISTIC PERIODFl.c. 300 BCEPraxagoras of Cosc. 330-260 BCEHerophilus of Chalcedon, 'Father of Anatomy'Fl. c. 260 BCEErasistratus of Ceos31 BCE... — IMPERIAL PERIODc. 25 BCE - c. CE 50Celsus, a Roman writer of an encyclopaedic workOn MedicineFl.c. 1st century CEPedanius Dioscorides of AnazarbusFl.c. CE 120Soranus of EphesusCE 129-210Galen of Pergamum

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