M 1-2◦Overconfidence: Occurs when people’s confidence in their judgments and knowledge is higher than the accuracy of these judgments. A student who is currently failing math class and believes that they will get a 100% on their final exam is showing overconfidence.
M 1-2 ◦Hindsight Bias: People overestimating their ability to have predicted an outcome that could not possibly have been predicted. A baseball fan saying “I knew the Sox would win!” after watching the Sox vs Cubs game on tv. They make this claim after the game was finished and the Sox won with a final score of 6-2.
M 1-2◦Psychiatry: A psychiatrist trains with the thought in mind that biological causes are the root of mental and emotional disorders. This person is able to write patients prescriptions and is a medical professional that patients may go to for psychological issues that they have.
M 1-2◦Placebo Effect: It refers to negative effects that happen when you're given a drug or other treatment that is ineffective. A doctor gives his patient a fake pill with no real ingredients in it and tells them it will make their headache go away. The patient comes back for a follow up and is thrilled to say that the pills worked and their headache is completely gone.
M 1-2◦Ivan Pavlov: Russian psychologist who discovered classical conditioning. A Dog salivates naturally upon food but if a bell is rung every time the food is presented, over time the dog will begin to salivate when just the bell is rung because in its mind the bell correlates with food.
M 3-4◦Hippocampus: The hippocampus is a part of your brain, specifically a part of the limbic system that is vital for the formation of memories. Dory from Finding Nemo suffers from short term memory loss caused by damage to her hippocampus.
M 3-4◦Pituitary Gland: A gland located at the base of the brain producing hormones that control other glands and which affects metabolism, bone growth and sexual maturity. Katie’s pituitary gland released out a rush of hormones making her become moody and emotional for no reason.
M 3-4◦Serotonin: Serotonin is a chemical that is manufactured in the body and acts as a neurotransmitter regulating sleep, mood, and behavior. Ryan developed insomnia due to the fact that his body was lacking serotonin and was unbalanced.
M 3-4◦Amygdala: This is the emotion processing center of the brain. Jenna got into a car accident that left her with brain damage specifically to her amygdala. A week later her dog died and she did not cry or show any signs of being sad. This happened because the part of her brain was damaged and can not let her normally express her emotion of sadness like she typically would.
M 3-4◦Motor Cortex: The motor cortex is a region of the brain which is responsible for the control of voluntary motor movement. Jamie had a major head trauma that left him with the right side of his motor cortex damaged. He is now having trouble speaking and the left side of his body became paralyzed.