Week_3_Study_Guide_Quesions.docx - Week 3 Study Guide...

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Week 3 Study Guide Questions- (Learning/Conditioning and Memory) Learning & Conditioning 1. Who was the founder of Behaviorism and what is the name of the experiment he became famous for? (6.2; Lecture Notes) John B. Watson and He is most famously remembered for his experiment on Little Baby Albert, a baby whom he tried to condition to fear white mice. 2. What is the definition of Learning? (6.1; Lecture Notes). a relatively permanent change in our behavior as a result of our experience. 3. We learn in 3 primary ways, __Classical__ conditioning, __Operant_ conditioning, _Observational__ learning. (Lecture Notes) 4. In Classical Conditioning, an organism learns to associate events that _repeatedly happen together_ (6.1) 5. Who is the founder of Classical Conditioning and what animals did he use in his “classic” experiments? (6.2; Lecture Notes) Ivan Pavlov 6. What does Pavlov call the dog’s salivation before the dog has been conditioned? What does he call the salivation after the dog has been conditioned? (6.2; Lecture Notes) Unconditioned stimulus and conditioned stimulus 7. What does Pavlov call the bell before the dog has been conditioned? What does he call the bell after the dog has been conditioned? (6.2; Lecture Notes) 8. The bell was called Neutral Stimulus. After was called conditioned stimulus. 9. Imagine the following scenario and then fill in the blanks below. You go to your local fast food restaurant and you see their sign that reads, “Welcome to the Creekside Grill.” You enter and order a hamburger. You eat it, and then you start feel really nauseated. You continue to feel nauseated and vomit (I know gross) because you have food poisoning. A week later, you are feeling much better. But you happen to drive by the sign that reads, “Welcome to the Creekside Grill,” and you instantly feel nauseated. You have been classically conditioned! Fill in the blanks below to show the process of how you learned by association to feel nausea to a sign. (Lecture Notes) ____being excited about Creekseide Grill__======== __Feeling nauseated__ Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response __seeing Creekside Grill_ + __getting nauseated__ ---------- ___not wanting to eat it again_____ Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response __seeing Creekside Grill__ ======= __getting nauseated___ Conditioned Stimulus Conditioned Response 1. What is Extinction in Classical Conditioning and how does it happen? (Lecture Notes)
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Decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. Taking away the thing that makes the being think they are getting the reward.
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