History Nts - Manchuria Nationalistic govt of China led by...

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Manchuria - Nationalistic govt of China led by Chiang Kai-shek was weak & corrupt - Busy fighting communists - Bc of GD, Japan wanted to build empire to secure raw materials - Not as affected by GD - Japanese govt was controlled by army - China ruled Manchuria, BUT Japan army ran the railway there (and ruled in Korea) - Sept 1931 - vandalism on the Manchurian railway & Japan claimed China had done it - Japan had actually done it, but they wanted to... - Japan invaded Manchuria and set up an “independent” state of Manchukuo under the former Emperor of China - Dec 1931 - the League appointed a commission led by Lord Lytton (from Britain) to investigate - Didn’t go to Manchuria until April 1932 and didn’t report until October - Oct 1932 - Lytton’s reports says Japan was the aggressor and should leave - 24 Feb 1933 - Assembly voted Japan should leave Manchuria - Japan walked out of the meeting & stayed in Manchuria - League couldn’t agree on economic or arms sales ban - 1933 - Japan resigned from League and kept expanding - Invaded Jehol in 1933 and China in 1937 Failures: 1) Japan kept expanding 2) League was discredited/ Manchuria showed Abyssinia (modern day Ethiopia) - Bc of the GD, Italy wanted to build an empire to get raw materials - Mussolini was a fascist and wanted to revive glories of Rome - France and Britain needed Mussolini’s support against Hitler ( Stresa Pact ) - Border b/w Abyssinia and Italian Somaliland was uncertain and disputed & in Dec 1934 there was a small skirmish at Wal-Wal - Mussolini demanded and apology and threatened to invade - Feb 1935 - League set up a commission which reported in Sept and suggested giving part of Abyssinia to Italy - Oct 1935

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