Psych 101 - Psych 101 LEARNING Habituation Perhaps the...

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Unformatted text preview: Psych 101 LEARNING Habituation Perhaps the simples way to demonstrate learning Habituation is a decrease in the strength Classical Conditioning also known as Pavlovian conditioning Study of association formation - Real world examples Ronald Reagan Balloons College Studying Bad Career Choices Acquisition tends to be gradual Also need to know about extinction, Stimulus Generalization, Discrimination, Higher Order Conditioning Watson's Classic Study (1920s) - Little Albert Maybe he was crying because they kept throwing animals at him. Operant Conditioning: also known as Skinnerian or Instrumental Conditioning Also the study of association formation But different because responses are emitted not elicited learners operate on the environment and learn from the consequences. Reinforcement: Behavior Increases - Two Types Positive (presentation of something "rewarding") Negative (removal of something aversive) Punishment: Behavior Decreases - Two Types Negative (removal of something desired; also called response cost) Positive (presentation of something aversive) Note that what matters is the result on behavior, not what you THINK is rewarding or punishing - Example: Bungee jumping ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Cross during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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