Psych notes - Psychology 101: Section 2 Spring 2008 Dr....

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Psych 101 – Spring 2008 1 Psychology 101: Section 2 Spring 2008 Dr. Douglas Gentile Policy on Handouts Notes pages available at the bookstore, but I recommend you don’t just fill them in Levels of Processing Theory (btw, you need to know this for the test) Class Procedures Time - My part: I will respect your time and start and end class within 2 minutes of scheduled start/end times Time - Your part : You will respect your classmates and not start packing your backpack until class ends People have different learning styles, so I will try to have something for everyone. I ask you to participate in all parts, even those that aren’t your personal favorite. What to expect on the next Test 30% book only, 30% lecture only, 40% book and lecture Section 2, Class 1 Principles of Learning s Learning: A long-term ____________________ or capabilities due to ____________________ Habituation s Perhaps the simplest way to demonstrate learning s Habituation is ____________________in the strength of a response due to repetition
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Psych 101 – Spring 2008 2 ____________________Conditioning - also known as Pavlovian Conditioning s Study of Association Formation What happens in classical conditioning? What are these? s Unconditioned stimulus (UCS): s Unconditioned response (UCR): s Conditioned stimulus (CS): s Conditioned response (CS): s Acquisition tends to be gradual s For the test, know what these are (get the info from your book) s Extinction
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Psych 101 – Spring 2008 3 s Stimulus Generalization s Discrimination s Higher Order Conditioning CS-US Pairing Relationships Simultaneous - almost no conditioning Backward - US precedes CS - no conditioning in animals Delayed - CS offset follows US onset - Good conditioning Trace - CS offset precedes US onset - 0.5 sec interval often optimal Continuous reinforcement - CS and US always paired, fastest acquisition, fast extinction Partial reinforcement - CS occasionally presented without US, slower acquisition, slow extinction Is temporal contiguity (repeated CS-US pairings) enough to establish a connection between two stimuli? No. Contingency, not contiguity, is important.
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Psych 101 – Spring 2008 4 Watson’s Classic Study (1920) – What happened with Little Albert? What does that teach us about conditioning fear? Operant Conditioning (also known as Skinnerian or Instrumental Conditioning) s Also the study of association formation, s But different because responses are ____________________not ____________________– learners operate on the environment and learn from the ____________________ Reinforcement: Behavior ____________________ Two Types: s Positive (____________________of something “rewarding”) s Negative (____________________of something aversive) Punishment: Behavior ____________________ Two Types: s Positive (____________________of something aversive; also called aversive punishment) s Negative (____________________of something desired; also called response cost)
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Cross during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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Psych notes - Psychology 101: Section 2 Spring 2008 Dr....

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