Sociology 001

Sociology 001 - Sociology 001: Notes for Exam #2 10/03/07...

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Sociology 001: Notes for Exam #2 10/03/07 Ch. 5 Socialization: The “nature vs. nurture debate Feral/isolated/institutionalized children “society makes us human” The structural-functionalist perspective points out that the fundamental task of any society is to reproduce itself to create members whose behaviors, desires and goals correspond to those that the particular society deems appropriate and desirable. Socialization: Process through which one learns how to act according to the rules and expectations of a particular culture. Anticipatory socialization: The socialization that occurs during childhood; is the primary means by which young individuals acquire the values and orientations found in the statuses they will likely enter in the future. How do we acquire a sense of “self”? Self: The unique set of traits, behaviors, and attributes that distinguishes one person from the next. To distinguish between yourself and others, you must at minimum be able to recognize yourself as a distinct entity. Most studies indicate that children learn to recognize themselves as this by about 18 months. The next important step in the acquisition of self is the development of speech. Looking-glass self (Cooley, 1902): symbolic interactionism We imagine how we might look to others We interpret their responses to us We form a self-concept Role Taking: the ability to use other people’s perspectives and expectations in formulating one’s own behavior. (Mead, 1934)
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Play Stage : Occurs when children are just beginning to hone their language skills. This stage is limited to taking the perspective of one other person at a time. Game Stage : The child learns to respond to the demands of several people. Significant others and generalized others -specific role models -society at larger/in general Agents of socialization : People and groups that influence our orientation towards life, our self-concept, emotions, attitudes and behaviors -includes social institutions: family, education, religion, etc. Cohort : category of people with a common characteristic, usually their age, who experience similar events and culture while growing up. Resocialization : The process of learning new sets of norms, values, and expectations each time a person leaves behind old social contexts or roles and enters new ones. Degradation ceremony: Stripping away of an individuals current identity. Total Institutions : A place where individuals are cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period and where together they lead an enclosed, formally administered life. (Goffman, 1961) 10/08/07 Socialization, contd Social class, race and ethnicity, and sex and gender are all significant features of your social identity. Social class:
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Sociology 001 - Sociology 001: Notes for Exam #2 10/03/07...

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