Social Inequality Final Exam.docx - Social Inequality Final Exam Chapter 6-11 Chapter 6 Agency Agency o Social structures are clearly an important

Social Inequality Final Exam.docx - Social Inequality Final...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 18 pages.

Social Inequality Final Exam: Chapter 6-11 Chapter 6: Agency Agency: o Social structures are clearly an important element of social inequality but are generally not considered to be entirely deterministic because of agency. o If they were completely deterministic we would see no social mobility. There are general patterns that sociologists relate to social categories to help us understand the lived experiences of people. o If agency did not exist, there would be no social mobility. Social Mobility: o The use of agency in sociology allows us to understand social mobility. o Humans are not just passive objects who always conform to structural forces. o People generally have a range of options to choose from as they navigate their lives but these options are often constrained by structures. o Not everyone can achieve social mobility. o Agency = related to personal decision making in the context of social mobility. o Note: it is important to understand the intersection between social structures and individual actions because there is a relationship here. Actors: o When thinking of social action, we are looking from a micro point of view of sociology – examining life at the level of the individual. o Often related to a symbolic interactionist approach. o Actors or agents: individuals who take part in action that is meaningful or intentional. Most of us are actors most of the time. o Structures – macro-level, agency = micro point of view, examines at an individual level – the choices people make. Weber: Action versus Social Action o Distinguished 4 ideal types: Traditional: actions that are habitual and have taken place in the past. Affectual: actions that people do to display emption. Instrumental: actions about deciding how to attain something and whether it is worth attaining. Rational: action performed to attain a goal. o Action is meaningful human behavior from the point of view of the actor or actors involved. It can be something that is internal and can also be related to doing or not doing something. o Social action is an action that is meaningful only in relation to another person’s behavior. More of an external understanding of action. o Weber did a lot of work on rational action – theories related to beaurocracy – the mindset to efficiently get things done.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Action: o Part of being human is the capacity to make intentional choices. o Action is not just the act of doing, but also not doing and having something done to you. o There is a rational component to action. People calculate the advantages and disadvantages that may come based on the action that you take. o There are non-rational dimensions to action. May not be rational but we act in that way anyway.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes