MH and PA notes.docx - Sports Psychology Exam Notes Chapters 1 2 3 5 6 8 Make note only on main issues Chapter 1 Introduction/Chapter 2 The Historical

MH and PA notes.docx - Sports Psychology Exam Notes...

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Sports Psychology Exam Notes: Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8. Make note only on main issues. Chapter 1: Introduction/Chapter 2: The Historical Perspective: Course if for a modern Western viewpoint. In order for a man to succeed in life, God provided him with two means, education and physical activity. Not separately, one for the soul and the other for the body, but for the two together. With these two means, man can attain perfection. – Plato. o Hippocrates, Galen and other philosophers also talking about these kinds of things. o Exercise ease medicine: exercise can be considered medicine. Other cultures may have different views. o Japanese concept: Shinrin-yoku (forest bathing) Tradition of walking in natural settings for calming and mental health effects Research: decreased blood pressure on cortisol (stress hormone) levels walking in country compared to city streets. Being out in nature seems to have more of a calming effect. Soft fascination effect: not being focused on things, interest in something in a soft way. The Modern Construct: Mental Benefits of PA: o Individuals who exercise 2-3 times a week experience less depression and stress. Frequent exercise = better. o Exercise can also allow you to feel as if you are part of society, Consistent association between psychological well-being and physical exercise. Well-being: o Cannot assume a unidimensional continuum because it is inaccurate and some dissociation exists between well-being and ill-being. o One may have low levels of ill being (e.g. stress or depression) but not have high levels of well-being (e.g. happiness and meaning in life). o One may also have high levels of ill-being but coexisting high levels of well-being. o Well-being independent of ill-being, is a powerful predictor of all-cause morbidity and mortality.
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o Individuals in the full flourishing quadrant are the most resilient to experiencing mental health conditions. o Studies suggest that an estimated of 24% of the population has low well-being and low ill-being. The individuals in this quadrant are known as “flat” or not fulfilling their potential, are still vulnerable to poor health outcomes despite low levels of ill-being. o New science of well-being focuses on the positive rather than the negative. o People believe well-being consists of 2 domains: o Hedonic (i.e. subjective) well-being. Associated with the emotional aspects of well-being and includes both positive and pleasant emotions such as joy, and negative emotions such as anger. o Eudemonic (i.e. psychological) well-being. More closely associated with cognitive evaluation of one’s life as a whole. Six domains of eudemonic well- being exist Purpose in life, environmental mastery, self-acceptance, personal growth, autonomy and positive relationships.
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  • Spring '19
  • A. Barnfield
  • Psychology, strength training, Physical exercise

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