Epidemiological Research Study Report FINAL.docx - 7-2...

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7-2 Final Project Submission: Epidemiological Research Study ReportP a g e | 1Epidemiological Research Study ReportSalmonella in the CaribbeanFinal ProjectEmily Deleon Sothern New Hampshire University
7-2 Final Project Submission: Epidemiological Research Study ReportP a g e | 2Introduction to Health IssueSalmonellosis is one of the most common diseases that plagues worldwide and doubling in the United States and United Kingdom. This is known as a Zoonotic disease is in which defined as an infectious disease that can be naturally transmitted between animals and humans or anything with vertebrates. Salmonellosis is also caused by consuming food contaminated with the salmonella bacteria in which is the second leading cause of all food borne diarrheal illnesses which has many risk factors. People that are in contact with salmonella sometimes have no symptoms but others have developed diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps that start as soon as 8 to 72 hours after becoming infected with the disease. This can have life threatening complications such as dehydration which can require medical attention. Life threatening complications can develop ifthe infection spreads farther in the body and reaches your intestines. Another word that Salmonella poisoning is known as is stomach flu (gastroenteritis). Signs are listed below include: NauseaVomitingAbdominal crampsDiarrheaFeverChillsHeadache
7-2 Final Project Submission: Epidemiological Research Study ReportP a g e | 3Blood in the stoolThe movement or method of transmission of salmonellosis is usually brought on by eating raw or undercooked meat, poultry, or egg products. These symptoms have a large range period that can linger on from a few hours or for a day or two. Transmission can also be transferred person to person and or as stated previously from an animal to a person that have the same fecal or oral route and also contaminated food or food that is improperly cooked foods. Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation or other known as (CAREC) where trying out new reporting procedures. The incidence rate and prevalence was to determine how many cases of Salmonella where actual confirmed. The doctors needed to find out how many confirmed cases of individuals were contaminated and then they would have researchers to use these for the case studies. The first tool that can perform the appropriate calculations is what is known as prevalence, this is commonly known as a commonness which is known as being affected by a medical condition which is linked to a disease or a high risk factor. These are most common in smoking or seat belt use. This can also be done by comparing the numbers of the population with the same condition and is stated as a fraction, a percentage, or as the number of cases per 10,000 or 100,000 people.
7-2 Final Project Submission: Epidemiological Research Study ReportP a g e | 4These prevalence rates for each category of Salmonella are as follows:Enteritis’s: 307/1,265,000 x 100,000=24.27 per 100,000.

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