Running head EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING AS A LAW...

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Running head: EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING AS A LAW ENFORCEMENT MODEL Effectiveness of Community Policing as a Law Enforcement Model Vincent Thurmond – Written Assignment 4 Thomas Edison State University 2017 JUNE, LIB-495-OL012 Professor Steve Ryan
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EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING AS A LAW ENFORCEMENT MODEL Introduction This research addresses the issue of community policing – what is its’ viability in law enforcement. Four sub-questions have been explored. (1) Does community policing have any effect on crime rates, (2) which strategies lead to the success or failure of a community policing program, (3) what adjustments can be made to make community policing effectively in reducing crime rates, and (4) how does the attitude of the public influence a community policing program and its implementation? First, to establish a successful community policing program, there is need to evaluate on the is (1) in a relatively highly populated area (2) has led to significant reduction in crime rates and (3) is based on a well-established community and police relationship. The involvement of the public and the police in law enforcement must be evident. The effect of the program on crime rates will be based on the rates in reported crime before and after the establishment of the program. The Newark project fits this description properly. The project, established by the police foundation involves door to door surveys by the police as a strategy for reducing the public fear of crime and unlawfulness. It is based on the popular “broken windows” theory mentioned earlier in the literature review of this project. It is upon these considerations that the program is chosen for evaluation. Newark is in New Jersey State and, therefore, changes in crime rates were obtained from the New Jersey State Police Community Policing Unit. The information is then analyzed into the various types of crime reported in Newark and the changes in their individual occurrences noted. Any changes in the strategies employed are also noted, and their effect on the rates of crime also noted. It is through this that the strategies that make a community policing program successful shall be realized.
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EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNITY POLICING AS A LAW ENFORCEMENT MODEL Community policing programs in other cities will also be evaluated using secondary data obtained from the Community Policing Consortium and the Police Foundation, determining the changes in crime rates before and after the establishment of community policing programs. This builds the second area of research for this project: The effect of community policing on crime rates and the strategies that lead to failure of a community policing program. Finally, this research will try to evaluate the results of a public poll on the attitude of the public in Newark towards the community policing program. The identity of the respondents has however been concealed for confidentiality purposes.
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  • Fall '08
  • Julier,L

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