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Last name 1 First name Last name Instructor’s Name Course Number Post 9/11 Islamophobia Introduction The constitution of the US guarantees the freedom of religion for all American citizens and this means that no citizen should be victimized on the basis of their religion. Some religions, such as the Islam, are associated with certain races. For instance, Muslims are often Asians. The 911 attacks on the twin towers led to a shift in the manner in which the society and the government perceived Asian Americans. The fact that the suspects of the terror attack were Asians created a stereotype that any Asian American is a potential terrorist. The current government in the US seems to buy into this school of thought. President Trump, during his campaigns, openly stated that he would create new law that would make it difficult for Asians and other Muslims to travel into the United states. This can be termed as one of the aftereffects of the 911 attack which created some form of fear of Muslims, as they are potential terrorists. This study will discuss the phobia of Muslims and various anti-Islamic policies and activities in the US as a result of the 911 terror attack. Pre911 perception of Muslims Yvonne and Nazir cite Richard Schaefer’s definition of Islamophobia Islamophobia as a “range of negative feelings towards Muslims and their religion from generalized bigotry, intolerance, and prejudice on the one hand to a morbid dread and hatred on the other” that might “manifest itself in… discrimination against Muslims, social exclusion, verbal and
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Last name 2 physical harassment, hate crimes, attacks on mosques, and vilification of Islam in the media” [Yvo14] America has a history of discriminating people in acquisition of citizenship on the basis of race, gender, and religion among other social classifications [Sah14]. This has not always been the case for Muslims. Racism was dominated by the black and white understanding in the American context. In 1965, the ban on immigration to the US from Africa and Asia was lifted by the Immigration and Nationality Act [Sah14]. This saw amendment of the previous restrictions that only allowed migration from European countries into America. Selod explains that after this amendment, the Muslim population in the US grew significantly. However, Singer argues that the relationship between America and the Islamic nations has been deteriorating for over two hundred years now. America’s first embassy was in a Muslim country and similarly, its first invasion was in a Muslim country.
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  • Fall '08
  • Julier,L
  • Islam, Al-Qaeda, September 11 attacks, War on Terrorism

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