Running Head INCLUSIVE TEACHING IN MULTI-CULTURAL COLLEGE...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 36 pages.

Running Head: INCLUSIVE TEACHING IN MULTI-CULTURAL COLLEGE CLASSROOM Inclusive Teaching in Multi-Cultural College Classroom: Engaging Diverse Students Abstract The purpose of this literature review is to explore the relationship between the culturally responsive teaching (CRT) theory and practice in higher education and student engagement with special consideration of the Culturally Engaging College Environment (CECE) model. While culturally responsive teaching is well researched and conceptualized in K-12 education, its application in higher education or as part of the CECE model of student success is still lacking. Culturally competent teaching should fit intuitively into the larger conceptual framework of student engagement in higher education. However, it remains unclear how these two concepts align and can be used together on the meso-policy level to improve student retention and academic achievement among culturally diverse students. Few researchers and educators have called for culturally responsive teaching practices to improve student engagement and academic success of diverse students in higher education. Most have failed to develop a sound conceptual framework that addresses the specifics of higher education. This review identifies elements of the CECE model and the concept of CRT. The major finding of the literature review is that both conceptual framework for CRT and empirical research pertaining to higher education is missing. Among the quasi-conceptual frameworks identified in the literature review, important elements are missing and the conceptual basis remains underdeveloped. Keywords: inclusive teaching; multi-cultural classroom; diversity; engaging diverse students _________
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

INCLUSIVE TEACHING IN MULTI-CULTURAL COLLEGE CLASSROOM *Corresponding Author Email Address: 1. Introduction Since the 1960s, the student body at institutions of higher learning in the United States but also in the United Kingdom has become increasingly diverse with regard to race and ethnicity ( Ashwin, 2005 ; Banks, 2015 ). The National Center for Education Statistics ( 2017 ) reports that over the past 25 years the total enrollment of adults in degree-granting institutions in the United States increased for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. However, the differences in enrollment increases among different ethnic groups highlight that structural minorities have increasingly participated in higher education. For example, between 1976 and 2008, the number of Asian-Pacific Islanders and Hispanics enrolled in institutions of higher education increased six-fold, whereas the admission numbers of African American students increased from 10% of the student body to 15% (National Center for Education Statistics, 2017). Enrollment of White students rose the least, which speaks to the overall increasing diversity in terms of race and ethnicity of the student body in higher education.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Fall '08
  • Julier,L
  • CECE

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern