chapter20 - Chapter 20 Recreational Sport Introduction •...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 20 Recreational Sport Introduction • Recreation industry is extensive and diverse. • Creation of structured activities that provide personal and social benefits to individuals during leisure time. Direct participation – Active performance in an activity Indirect participation – Recreation spectators contributing to economic base; effective strategy for tourism industry (e.g., triathalons) History: The Rise of Recreation • Leisure time emerged as a result of urbanization and industrialization. • Increase in perception of recreation as – Important to growth and health of individual – A means to improve community well-being • The parks movement resulted in the establishment of public lands. • Technological advances such as the bicycle and golf ball. – Moderate prices of sporting goods made recreation accessible to more people. History (cont.) • Growth of YMCA and YWCA • Increased fascination with American wilderness • Creation of formal organizations (local clubs, national associations) devoted to recreation (Boy Scouts/Girl Scouts) • Proliferation of organized summer camps for children • Establishment of armed forces recreation • Emergence of commercial recreation enterprises Trends in Participation • Some traditionally popular activities are experiencing flat or no growth, and hot new activities are showing significant growth. • Declining activities – Fishing, decline of 9.7% – Hiking, decline of 5.2% – Hunting, decline of 28% – Mountain biking, decline of 27.9% since 1998 • Overbuilding of golf courses in a stiff economy • Increase in artificial wall climbing of 57.4% from 1998 to 2001 Trends in Participation (cont.)Trends in Participation (cont....
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SPMT 217 taught by Professor Bouchet during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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chapter20 - Chapter 20 Recreational Sport Introduction •...

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