chapter20 - Chapter 20 Recreational Sport Introduction...

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Chapter 20 Recreational Sport
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Introduction Recreation industry is extensive and diverse. Creation of structured activities that provide personal and social benefits to individuals during leisure time. Direct participation Active performance in an activity Indirect participation Recreation spectators contributing to economic base; effective strategy for tourism industry (e.g., triathalons)
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History: The Rise of Recreation Leisure time emerged as a result of urbanization and industrialization. Increase in perception of recreation as Important to growth and health of individual A means to improve community well-being The parks movement resulted in the establishment of public lands. Technological advances such as the bicycle and golf ball. Moderate prices of sporting goods made recreation accessible to more people.
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History (cont.) Growth of YMCA and YWCA Increased fascination with American wilderness Creation of formal organizations (local clubs, national associations) devoted to recreation (Boy Scouts/Girl Scouts) Proliferation of organized summer camps for children Establishment of armed forces recreation Emergence of commercial recreation enterprises
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Trends in Participation Some traditionally popular activities are experiencing flat or no growth, and hot new activities are showing significant growth. Declining activities Fishing, decline of 9.7% Hiking, decline of 5.2% Hunting, decline of 28% Mountain biking, decline of 27.9% since 1998 Overbuilding of golf courses in a stiff economy Increase in artificial wall climbing of 57.4% from 1998 to 2001
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Trends in Participation (cont.)
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