Aug. 30 Lecture - Scientific Process Logical Induction...

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05/06/09 1 Scientific Process Theory Empirical Generalizations Observation Hypotheses Logical Induction Logical Deduction Operationalization Summarization EXPLORATORY EXPLANATORY FAMILY
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05/06/09 2 METHODS OF CONDUCTING RESEARCH Self-Report Research Strategies Direct questioning of research subjects Problems: Issues of honesty and accuracy
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05/06/09 3 RESEARCH METHODS (Continued) SURVEY RESEARCH Preferred by researchers Easy to administer Easier to generalize larger samples Since all respondents are asked the same questions data is consistent
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05/06/09 4 Writing self-report items and examples of poorly written questions How is your family? I am interested in learning about families. Would you call your family enmeshed or disengaged? I am interested in families. So, what is your spouse like? Would you say you and your spouse have problems in communicating or do you have a pretty good marriage?
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05/06/09 5 Research Methods Continued Problems with Surveys Questions on survey do not reveal much detail about the respondents attitudes Putting an “X” in the strongly agree box does not tell the researcher why the respondent agrees or under what conditions would they disagree
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05/06/09 6 RESEARCH METHODS Continued INTERVIEWS Interviews permit open-ended questions that encourage discussion Questions can be asked in different ways to reduce misunderstanding and probe into answers
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05/06/09 7 RESEARCH METHODS Continued OBSERVATIONAL RESEARCH Natural observation: Observe subject in a natural setting doing tasks and interacting with family members on a daily basis Clinical observation: usually made in a controlled setting using structured settings using structured situations
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05/06/09 8 Theories: Explain how societies function and operate Explain how change occurs Explain how to create change (how global forces impact the family at the local level)
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05/06/09 9 CATOGORIES OF THEORIES MACRO THEORIES Most widely applicable to problems of family change and stability across societal contexts
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05/06/09 10 MICRO THEORIES They factor in individual motivations and see marital and family phenomena as the direct outcome of individuals negotiating with each other to reach desired goals
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Aug. 30 Lecture - Scientific Process Logical Induction...

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