1 KONSUMSI-INVESTASI-DAN-PERANAN-PASAR-MODAL.pptx

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KONSUMSI, INVESTASI DAN PERANAN PASAR MODAL MANAJEMEN INVESTASI & PORTFOLIO
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KONSUM SI Individu melakukan konsumsi dengan memakai sumber daya yang ada untuk meningkatkan kepuasan ( utility ) Konsumsi sekarang (K o ) Konsumsi dimasa mendatang (K 1 )
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Pengerti an Konsumsi adalah pemakaian barang hasil produksi atau setiap tindakan untuk mengurangi atau menghabiskan nilai ekonomi suatu benda Contoh : memakan makanan, memakai baju, mengendarai kendaraan motor, menggunakan barang elektronik, dll
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INVESTASI DAN KONSUMSI Kesejahteraan moneter ditunjukkan oleh penjumlahan pendapatan yang dimiliki saat ini dan nilai saat ini (present value) pendapatan di masa datang. Orang seharusnya membuat keputusan seperti berapa banyak penghasilan saat ini yang seharusnya dihabiskan atau dikonsumsi dan berapa banyak seharusnya diinvestasikan menurut preferensinya.
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TRADE-OFF DALAM KONSUMSI (K0) DAN INVESTASI (K1) K1 Ko Rp 5 juta Rp5,2 juta Rp 0 Gambar 1. Ilustrasi Keputusan Konsumsi/Investasi (asumsi r = 4%) A Rp10 juta B Rp10,4 juta C Titik A, B, dan C menunjukkan pola konsumsi/investasi yang berbeda-beda. A-B : meminjam B-C : meminjamkan/investasi
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TRADE-OFF DALAM KONSUMSI (K0) DAN INVESTASI (K1) Ko Rp 5 juta Rp5,2 juta Rp 0 Gambar 2. Ilustrasi Keputusan Konsumsi/Investasi A B K1 Dengan keberadaan aset kedua (A’-B-C’), investor pasti akan lebih menyukai aset
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