Chp2 essay - 1 Separation of powers and federalism was...

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1. Separation of powers and federalism was included in the constitution to guard against possible misuse of power by the national government. The seperation of power was based on Montesquieu’s theory that power must be used to balance power. Separation of powers isn't stated in the Constitution. The structure of the government is built on Article 1 legislative, article II executive, and article III judiciary. Separations of power later became known by the label checks and balances. Each branch is given power but also some power over the other two branches. Federalism was a step towards greater centralization of power. The delegates agreed they needed to place more power at the national level without completely undermining the power of the state government. Federalism has two sovereigns, the state in the nation. The delegates Holt competition between the two would effectively limit the power of both. The struggle for ratification was carried out in 13 separate campaigns. Each involve different people and moved at a different pace. There were two sides that cause themselves the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The federal is mostly were Property Owners, creditors, merchants and they believe that the elites were most fit to govern and also they feared excessive democracy. Their leaders were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and George Washington. The Anti-Federalists consisted of small farmers, Frontiersman, deckers, shopkeepers and some state government officials. They believed
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  • Fall '13
  • LeeAlmaguer
  • Federalism, The American, Separation of Powers, Federal government of the United States, Anti-Federalism

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