Hist Ch2.docx - History The conquest of the Inca empire...

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History 4/10/18The conquest of the Inca empire 1532-1533Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca empire that was rich with silver and other precious metals.The encomienda system (on test) began to rise in south America. As a demand for sugar crops grew, Indian labor was replaced with African slaves.South America became more diverse with Africans, Europeans, and indigenous people.Spain’s power rises The new resources that began to flow into Spain caused an economic boom into the Spanish kingdom.Spain was creating more strongholds in central and south America syphoning wealth, labor, and food from the natives.Spain’s power would remain unchecked until other rival European countries began sending their own explorers into the new world.Hernando de Soto’s expedition.De Soto’s expedition into Florida and the southeast allowed Spain to set up forts and outposts.Because of the high resistance from the natives, De Soto and his men were never able to set up astronghold in Florida.De Soto would set up the fort of St. Augustine, a fort that would establish Spanish presence in North America for decades.Francisco Vasquez de Coronado’s expeditionIn 1540 Coronado’s expedition set out to find more gold in the southwest of America.He encountered the Zuni tribe who were not as hospitable as the Mexica. They were a hunter-gathering people that did not have sedentary lifestyles.Spain defeated the Zuni Indians and occupied parts of the south west for the next several decades, unable to set up a major colony.

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