Lesson 5 (chpt 6) Questions.docx

Lesson 5 (chpt 6) Questions.docx - Question 1 You know that...

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Question 1 You know that genetics has given your new baby sister innate traits, such as how to suckle and cry. Yet some people tell you that she is born knowing nothing. These people believe in ________, which says that the environment teaches infants everything. A. a clean start B. pure minds C. tabula rasa D. white space Question 2 Sunil wishes to classically condition his dog to fear skunks so he does not get sprayed again. This task should be much easier than teaching him to fear a houseplant because: A. the dog is biologically prepared to fear certain types of objects. B. the dog is biologically conditioned to fear skunks. C. the dog has high intelligence. D. the dog’s mind cannot physically be trained to fear plants. Question 3 As discussed in the text, in the fear conditioning of Little Albert, John B. Watson used the following stimuli: unconditioned stimulus—________; conditioned stimulus—________. A. loud sound; rat B. rat; loud sound C. loud sound; fear D. fear; rat Question 4 What psychological principle did Pavlov’s experiments teach us? A. They demonstrated that complex behaviors, such as fear of a stimulus, could be learned observationally. B. They demonstrated that all biological responses must be elicited by natural reflexes to stimuli. C. They demonstrated how learning could take place without the presence of punishment. D. They demonstrated how a neutral stimulus could trigger the same response as a natural reflex.
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Question 5 If you trained a rat to fear a flashing light by pairing it with a painful electric shock, what would be the conditioned stimulus? A. extinction B. flashing light C. fear D. electric shock Question 6 The first time you pick up your pet hamster it recoils in fear, but after a week of handling, your hamster is not bothered anymore. What change came over your hamster through the simple act of repetitive handling? A. operant conditioning B. learned helplessness C. habituation D. sensitization Question 7 Gambling on a slot machine involves rewards on a ________ schedule. A. fixed ratio B. fixed interval C. variable interval D. variable ratio Question 8 Why is B. F. Skinner’s dream of solving all social problems through operant conditioning impossible? A. Operant conditioning does not apply to social learning. B. Operant conditioning is not effective for learning. C. Biology places constraints on our learning. D. Operant conditioning does not take into account learning from classical conditioning.
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Question 9 Dante was sitting on a rock to rest during a hike. Suddenly he felt immense pain and looked down to see a snake had bitten him in the leg. He is now terrified of anything that even resembles a snake. Dante has developed a(n): A. disinterest for snakes. B. phobia of snakes. C. identification ability with regard to snakes.
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Christopher Reinemann
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