WK10Assgn1SmallwoodC.docx

WK10Assgn1SmallwoodC.docx - 1 Annotated bibliography Name...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 9 pages.

1 Annotated bibliography Name Walden University
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

2 Annotated Bibliography Hostile work environments can be created by various causes; this annotated bibliography will discuss workplace bullying or collective bullying (mobbing) as it relates to the lack of legislative protection, its effects, victimization, human aggression, and the need for consequences. Within the United States current employment laws do not provide any protection. Likewise, tribal entities lack employment laws due to sovereignty and the Self-Determination Act (1975), there are no employment resources or defense on behalf of employees; this is unacceptable. In response to the deficiencies in employment laws, it is crucial to the health and well-being of employees as well as productivity and social relations for an organization to advocate for defenses and resources for all parties involved. The following bibliographies will examine and exhibit effects and causations of workplace bullying/mobbing collected from qualitative, quantitative and mixed method analyses. Annotated Bibliography Isil Karatuna , (2015) "Targets’ coping with workplace bullying: a qualitative study", Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, Vol. 10 Issue: 1, pp.21-37, The purpose is clearly stated exploring targets’ coping strategies in dealing with workplace bullying and to determine the possible contributing effects of these strategies to the escalation or de-escalation of bullying process. The qualitative design, 20 self-reported targets were interviewed in-depth and data were analyzed using the content analysis method. (Karatuna, 2015) The author main premises as “identification in the targets’ coping with workplace bullying: first, underestimation of the problem – avoidance; second, losing patience – confrontation; third, perceiving threats to personal health – seeking support; fourth, despair – destructive coping; and fifth, giving up – exit.” (Karatuna, 2015) According to Karatuna (2015),
Image of page 2
3 the uses of coping strategies both influenced the course of workplace bullying and were affected by the escalating nature of the bullying process itself. Mobbing Revisited Karatuna (2015) cites Leymanns’ 1996 definition as: workplace bullying (mobbing) as a process which typically starts with a conflict and escalates with systematic and enduring unethical behavior that leads to the victimization of the target. He identified the sequential phases of this process and referred to them as critical incidents, mobbing and stigmatizing, personnel management, and expulsion These phases of workplace bullying progressively exacerbates workplace harassment and impedes the victims’ ability to perform duties and function. Eventually, the victim/employee is expelled “by being forced out either directly (dismissal) or indirectly (the target decides to leave the organization voluntarily). (Karatuna, 2015; Leymann, 1996) During the course of mobbing, the stigma of an employee experiences many psychological and physical effects which do not dissolve simply due to the expulsion of an employee/victim. Long-term psychological effects
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern