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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Private School Academic Achievement VS. Public School Academic Achievement Sabrina Knox EDUC 518 Dr. Lisa Reason Liberty University
LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Abstract The topic of education has been on the rise amongst parents in America today. The significance of a quality education has increased in value, and parents are pursuing the best possible school for their child in preparation for college. In general, the literature indicates that the school environment, social demographics, and parent participation leads to academic success of students in public school or private school. Research studies found that students who attend private school took more academic math courses than students who attend public school. The differences in the courses taken at both institutions accounted for the majority of the public- private school differences in achievement gains. There has been a recent debate over school reform in the media and amongst politicians and there is an emphasis being placed on the desire to develop new structures for the operation of public schools. These new structures would strive toward an intention of increased participation of all students, parents, and teachers. One of the most interesting debated topics that formed out of the discussion of school reform is the issue of school vouchers which ultimately permits parents to take their children out of the public-school system and enroll them into a private school. Prior to the development of larger-scale voucher programs, it would be desirable to increase knowledge about the benefits of private versus public school education. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) released results revealing that even if all or half of public school students choose to attend private schools, there would still be an educational crisis. Keywords: Private School, Public School, Parent Involvement, Academic Achievement, School Environment, Education, Environmental Factors, Standardized Testing, Academic Performance
LITERATURE REVIEW 3 Literature Review: Private School Academic Achievement vs. Public School Academic Achievement Introduction As a single parent with a daughter who has attended both private and public school, this review began with the desire to learn if there was a significant difference between public and private school education. In observation of both institutions there are several different curriculums between the two schools. For this analysis, I start by asking the following questions: Does environmental factors, such as community involvement, a child’s physical home life, and/or parental involvement affect academic success? What factors are used to determine academic success in both private and public schools? Does standardized testing make a strong impact in defining success of a student? In my research, there will be an emphasis placed on the definition of academic success in both types of schools. Establishing academic success within a school will set a precedent for students to achieve.

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