APUSH FAST REVIEW SHEETPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS:ELECTION OF 1789: THE RIGHT MAN AT THERIGHT TIMEThe most important election in American history was the first election, not because it was closely contested, or even contested at all, but because of the man chosen to be the first President, and the precedents he chose to set. ELECTION OF 1800: THE REVOLUTION OF 1800-A PEACEFUL TRANSFER OF POWERFederalist: John Adams vs. Dem-Rep: Jefferson-1stflaw in the constitution; tie between Jefferson and his Dem-Rep running mate Aaron Burr; recall Hamilton’s role in this election and his back door shenanigans in the House to make sure that the “lesser of two evils”-Jefferson-was triumphant-When Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams, Adams had to voluntarily relinquish power to his opponent. Though this was the fourth Presidential election, it was the first time the incumbent President had been voted out. Adams left peacefully, assuring that the American experiment in democracy would succeed. -***As a footnote, after the 1800 election, the Electoral College rules had to be changed to acknowledge political parties (because of the tie in the 1800 Electoral College between Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr).ELECTION OF 1824: FOURS A CROWDWilliam Crawford vs. JQ Adams vs. Andrew Jackson vs. Henry Clay*all men from the same party, but hailed from different regions-this was the 1stand last time the Electoral College had to defer to the House of Representatives to make the final choice for President (not including 1800, before the rules were changed to allow electors to specify votes for President and Vice President); Jackson won the majority of the popularvote, but not the majority of the Electoral College vote-“Corrupt Bargain”-private deal made between Clay and eventual winner in the House, JQ Adams, was suspected; Jackson waited for the Election of 1828 to avenge his 1824 defeatELECTION OF 1828: THE BIRTH OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTYDem: Jackson vs National Republican(Dem-Rep): JQ Adams-Andrew Jackson bounced back from the crazy 1824 election that featured four Democratic-Republicans splitting the electoral votes. -Jackson ran as a Democrat, and his party can trace its lineage all the way forward to Bill Clinton. Adams ran as a “National Republican”—his party disappeared from the Presidential stage by 1836.-image building; log cabin campaign…appeal to
ELECTION OF 1840: AN ELECTION AHEAD OF ITS TIMEDem:the common man (consider impact of AJackson & laws regarding the extension of universal “white” manhood suffrage)-These ideas might have been normal for 1940. For1840, at a time when most Presidential candidates felt it was undignified to campaign, to lower themselves by asking for votes, this election was a brief, fleeting glimpse into the future.