workstation-pro-12-user-guide.pdf - Using VMware Workstation Pro Workstation 12 Pro VMware Workstation Pro 12.0 VMware Workstation Pro 12.1 Using VMware

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Unformatted text preview: Using VMware Workstation Pro Workstation 12 Pro VMware Workstation Pro 12.0 VMware Workstation Pro 12.1 Using VMware Workstation Pro You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware website at: If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to [email protected] VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94304 Copyright © 2015, 2016 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information. VMware, Inc. 2 Contents Using VMware Workstation Pro 7 1 Updated Information 8 2 Introduction and System Requirements 12 Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro Virtual Machine Features and Specifications 12 15 3 Installing and Using Workstation Pro 20 Obtaining the Workstation Pro Software and License Key Installing Workstation Pro with Other VMware Products 20 21 Reinstalling Workstation Pro When Upgrading a Windows Host Operating System Installing the Integrated Virtual Debuggers for Eclipse Installing Workstation Pro 22 22 Upgrading Workstation Pro 28 Uninstalling Workstation Pro Start Workstation Pro 21 35 36 Using the Workstation Pro Window 36 Using the Workstation Pro Online Help 41 4 Creating Virtual Machines 42 Understanding Virtual Machines 42 Preparing to Create a New Virtual Machine 43 Create a New Virtual Machine on the Local Host Cloning Virtual Machines 60 Virtualize a Physical Machine Importing Virtual Machines 63 66 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools Virtual Machine Files 54 68 81 5 Using Virtual Machines 83 Starting Virtual Machines 83 Stopping Virtual Machines 86 Transferring Files and Text 91 Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine 102 Using Removable Devices in Virtual Machines Changing the Virtual Machine Display 111 Using Folders to Manage Virtual Machines VMware, Inc. 103 118 3 Using VMware Workstation Pro Taking Snapshots of Virtual Machines 121 Install New Software in a Virtual Machine Take a Screenshot of a Virtual Machine Delete a Virtual Machine 129 130 131 6 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines 132 Configure Power Options and Power Control Settings Set Workstation Pro Display Preferences Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine Set Preferences for Unity Mode Setting Screen Color Depth 136 139 140 Using Advanced Linux Sound Architecture 140 Encrypting and Restricting Virtual Machines Moving Virtual Machines 133 135 142 147 Configure a Virtual Machine as a VNC Server 153 Change the Hardware Compatibility of a Virtual Machine Clean Up a Virtual Hard Disk on Windows Hosts Export a Virtual Machine to OVF Format 157 159 160 Writing and Debugging Applications That Run In Virtual Machines 161 7 VMware Workstation Server Log Files 163 8 Configuring and Managing Devices 164 Configuring DVD, CD-ROM, and Floppy Drives Configuring a USB Controller 167 Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks Adding a Physical Disk to a Virtual Machine Configuring Virtual Ports 164 169 177 179 Configuring Generic SCSI Devices 185 Configuring Sixteen-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing Configuring Keyboard Features 188 189 Modify Hardware Settings for a Virtual Machine 199 9 Configuring Network Connections 200 Understanding Virtual Networking Components 200 Understanding Common Networking Configurations Changing the Default Networking Configuration Configuring Bridged Networking 202 207 Configuring Network Address Translation Configuring Host-Only Networking 201 210 221 Assigning IP Addresses in Host-Only Networks and NAT Configurations Configuring LAN Segments VMware, Inc. 228 232 4 Using VMware Workstation Pro Configuring Samba for Workstation Pro 234 Using Virtual Network Adapters in Promiscuous Mode on Linux Hosts Maintaining and Changing MAC Addresses for Virtual Machines Sample Custom Networking Configuration 235 236 237 10 Using Remote Connections and Sharing Virtual Machines 240 Understanding VMware Workstation Server Connect to a Remote Server 240 243 Disconnect from a Remote Server 246 Creating and Managing Shared Virtual Machines Uploading Virtual Machines to Remote Servers 246 250 Download a Virtual Machine from a Remote Server Create a Virtual Machine on a Remote Host 252 253 Configure Shared and Remote Virtual Machines to Start with the Host Using Roles to Assign Privileges 254 255 Using Permissions to Restrict Users 259 11 Changing Workstation Pro Preference Settings 263 Configuring Workspace Preference Settings Configuring Input Preference Settings Changing Hot-Key Combinations 263 267 269 Configuring Workstation Pro Display Preference Settings Configuring Software Update Preference Settings 270 271 Sending System Data and Usage Statistics to VMware 273 Changing Shared Virtual Machine Preference Settings 275 Configuring Workstation Pro Memory Preference Settings Configuring Workstation Pro Priority Preference Settings Configuring Device Settings for Windows Hosts 276 278 279 12 Configuring Virtual Machine Option Settings 281 Configuring General Option Settings for a Virtual Machine Configuring Power Settings for a Virtual Machine 281 283 Configuring Snapshot Options for a Virtual Machine 285 Configuring AutoProtect Options for a Virtual Machine 286 Configuring Guest Isolation Options for a Virtual Machine 287 Configuring Tablet Sensor Input Options for a Virtual Machine Configuring VMware Tools Options for a Virtual Machine Configuring a Virtual Machine as a VNC Server Configuring Unity Mode for a Virtual Machine 290 291 291 Configuring Advanced Options for a Virtual Machine VMware, Inc. 289 290 Configuring Appliance Details for a Virtual Machine Configuring Autologin for a Virtual Machine 288 292 5 Using VMware Workstation Pro 13 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings 295 Adding Hardware to a Virtual Machine 296 Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine Adjusting Virtual Machine Memory 297 297 Configuring Virtual Machine Processor Settings 298 Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Settings Configuring Floppy Drive Settings 303 Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Settings Configuring USB Controller Settings 308 Configuring Parallel Port Settings 309 309 Configuring Generic SCSI Device Settings Configuring Printer Settings 303 307 Configuring Sound Card Settings Configuring Serial Port Settings 299 301 310 311 Configuring Display Settings 311 Installing a Guest Operating System on a Physical Disk or Unused Partition 312 14 Using the Virtual Network Editor 314 Add a Bridged Virtual Network 315 Add a Host-Only Virtual Network 316 Change Automatic Bridging Settings Change NAT Settings 317 317 Change DHCP Settings on a Windows Host 319 15 Running the Support Script 320 Register and Create a Support Request 320 Run the Support Script from Workstation Pro 321 Run the Support Script from a Windows Command Prompt Run the Support Script from a Linux Terminal Window 321 322 16 Using the vmware Command 323 Run the vmware Command 323 Incorporate Workstation Pro Startup Options in a Windows Shortcut VMware, Inc. 324 6 Using VMware Workstation Pro Using VMware Workstation Pro describes how to use VMware Workstation Pro™ to create, configure, and manage virtual machines. Intended Audience This information is intended for anyone who wants to install, upgrade, or use Workstation Pro. The information is written for experienced Windows or Linux system administrators who are familiar with virtual machine technology and datacenter operations. VMware, Inc. 7 Updated Information 1 Using VMware Workstation Pro is updated with each release of the product or when necessary. This table provides the update history of Using VMware Workstation Pro. VMware, Inc. 8 Using VMware Workstation Pro Revision Description EN-001870-02 n Updated Supported Guest Operating Systems to add a link to the VMware Compatibility Guide site. n Updated Virtual Machine Processor Support to reflect the supported functionality. n Updated Install Workstation Pro on a Windows Host to remove a procedure step no longer supported. VMware, Inc. n Updated Run an Unattended Workstation Pro Installation on a Windows Host to reflect the supported functionality. n Updated Installation Properties to remove parameters no longer supported. n Removed "REMOVE Property Values". n Updated Install Workstation Pro on a Linux Host to add a statement to use your regular user name, not root, to log in when Workstation Pro starts. n Updated the option examples in Linux Command Line Installation Options. n Updated Upgrade Workstation Pro on a Windows Host to remove a procedure step no longer supported. n Moved the location of Worksheet for Creating a Virtual Machine. n Added Selecting the Firmware Type. n Updated Virtualize a Physical Machine to add a note stating that you can use vCenter Converter Standalone to virtualize a Linux physical machine. n Corrected the procedure in Import a Windows XP Mode Virtual Machine to reflect the supported functionality. n Updated Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine to add a prerequisite that the virtual machine must be powered on or off before adding a printer. n Updated Connecting USB Devices to Virtual Machines to add a statement for how to manually connect a USB device to a virtual machine. n Updated the global configuration file location in Disable Smart Card Sharing. n Corrected the procedure in Use Multiple Monitors for One Virtual Machine to reflect the supported functionality. n Added the Combine tabs with toolbar in full screen option to Set Workstation Pro Display Preferences. n Updated Move a Virtual Machine to a New Location or Host to clarify what virtual machine files must be moved. n Updated Limitations of Moving a Virtual Machine to a Different Host to reflect the supported functionality. n Updated step 12 in Add a New Virtual Hard Disk to a Virtual Machine to add examples of guest operating system tools used to partition and format the new drive. n Updated Expand a Virtual Hard Disk to provide information on how to determine whether a virtual machine is a linked clone or the parent of a linked clone. 9 Using VMware Workstation Pro Revision Description n Changed "Configuring Eight-Way Symmetric Multiprocessing" to Configuring Sixteen-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing to reflect the supported functionality. n Changed "Configure Eight-way Symmetric Multiprocessing" to Configure Sixteen-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing to reflect the supported functionality. EN-001870-01 VMware, Inc. n Changed "Use a Virtual Machine That Has More Than Eight Virtual Processors" to Use a Virtual Machine That Has More Than Sixteen Virtual Processors to reflect the supported functionality. n Updated Add a Virtual Network Adapter to a Virtual Machine to reflect the options available in the product. n Added a statement to Configuring Workstation Pro Display Preference Settings that "If you are using Windows 8.1 (Update 2) or Windows 10, Workstation Pro detects the DPI on each monitor and scales the virtual machine to machine the DPI on the host. n Added a note to Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine stating that you cannot remove hardware from a virtual machine while it is in suspended state. n Removed references to deprecated guest operating systems in the document. n Added support for Windows Server 2012 R2 as a host. n Removed requirement in Processor Requirements for Host Systems for "LAHF/SAHF support in long mode". This requirement applies only to older 64-bit CPUs produced before 2006. n Updated Virtual Machine Graphics and Keyboard Support to add a statement clarifying OpenGL3.3 support. n Updated Installation Properties to fix the example for the SERIALNUMBER property. n Added Enable EFI Support. n Updated Guest Operating Systems That Support Shared Folders to reflect supported guest operating systems. n Updated Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine to add the Display Scaling option. n Updated Prepare the Host System to Use 3D Accelerated Graphics to add a statement clarifying OpenGL3.3 support. n Updated the existing section "Changing NAT Settings on a Windows Host" to Change NAT Settings to add support for NAT on Linux hosts. n Removed a note in Upload a Virtual Machine to VMware vCloud Air stating that only Windows virtual machines can be uploaded to VMware vCloud Air. n Added Changing the Remote Server Login Privacy Setting. n Updated Configuring Snapshot Options for a Virtual Machine to add the Take a new Snapshot option. This option was removed in Workstation Pro 12.0 and restored in Workstation Pro 12.0.1. 10 Using VMware Workstation Pro Revision Description n Corrected an error in Configuring AutoProtect Options for a Virtual Machine. The statement in the previous version, "AutoProtect snapshots are not taken in Workstation Pro, even if AutoProtect is enabled for the virtual machine in Workstation Pro," is incorrect. The statement should read "AutoProtect snapshots are not taken in Workstation Player, even if AutoProtect is enabled for the virtual machine in Workstation Pro". EN-001870-00 VMware, Inc. n Updated Gathering Debugging Information to add the Gather verbose USB debugging information option. n Renamed the "Configuring Memory Page Trimming and Template Mode" section to Configuring Advanced Settings for a Virtual Machine and added the Boot from EFI Instead of BIOS option. n Updated Change Automatic Bridging Settings to add support for NAT on Linux hosts. Support for this feature was added in Workstation Pro 12.0. n Updated the "Changing DHCP Settings on a Windows Host" section to Change DHCP Settings on a Windows Host. Initial release. 11 Introduction and System Requirements 2 Host computers that run Workstation Pro must meet specific hardware and software requirements. Virtual machines that run in Workstation Pro support specific devices and provide certain features. This section includes the following topics: n Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro n Virtual Machine Features and Specifications Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro The physical computer on which you install Workstation Pro is called the host system and its operating system is called the host operating system. To run Workstation Pro, the host system and the host operating system must meet specific hardware and software requirements. Processor Requirements for Host Systems You must install Workstation Pro on a host system that meets certain processor requirements. Supported Processors The host system must have a 64-bit x86 CPU with 1.3 GHz or faster core speed. Multiprocessor systems are supported. When you install Workstation Pro, the installer performs checks to make sure the host system has a supported processor. You cannot install Workstation Pro if the host system does not meet the processor requirements. Processor Requirements for 64-Bit Guest Operating Systems The operating system that runs inside a virtual machine is called the guest operating system. To run 64bit guest operating systems, the host system must have one of the following processors. n An AMD CPU that has segment-limit support in long mode n An Intel CPU that has VT-x support VMware, Inc. 12 Using VMware Workstation Pro If you have an Intel CPU that has VT-x support, you must verify that VT-x support is enabled in the host system BIOS. The BIOS settings that must be enabled for VT-x support vary depending on the system vendor. See the VMware knowledge base article at for information about how to determine if VT-x support is enabled. When you install a 64-bit operating system, Workstation Pro performs checks to make sure the host system has a supported processor. You cannot install a 64-bit operating system if the host system does not meet the processor requirements. Processor Requirements for Windows 7 Aero Graphics To support Windows 7 Aero graphics, the host system should have either an Intel Dual Core 2.2 GHz or later CPU or an AMD Athlon 4200+ or later CPU. Supported Host Operating Systems You can install Workstation Pro on Windows and Linux host operating systems. To see a list of the supported host operating systems, search the online VMware Compatibility Guide on the VMware Web site. Memory Requirements for Host Systems The host system must have enough memory to run the host operating system, the guest operating systems that run inside the virtual machines on the host system, and the applications that run in the host and guest operating systems. The minimum memory required on the host system is 1 GB. 2 GB and above is recommended. To support Windows 7 Aero graphics in a virtual machine, at least 3 GB of host system memory is required. 1 GB of memory is allocated to the guest operating system and 256 MB is allocated to graphics memory. See your guest operating system and application documentation for more information on memory requirements. Display Requirements for Host Systems The host system must have a 16-bit or 32-bit display adapter. Use the latest graphics driver recommended for the host system. To support Windows 7 Aero graphics, the host system should have either an NVIDIA GeForce 8800GT or later or an ATI Radeon HD 2600 or later graphics processor. Important 3D benchmarks, such as 3DMark '06, might not render correctly or at all when running Windows Vista or Windows 7 virtual machines on some graphics hardware. VMware, Inc. 13 Using VMware Workstation Pro Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems Host systems must meet certain disk drive requirements. Guest operating systems can reside on physical disk partitions or in virtual disk files. Table 2‑1. Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems Drive Type Requirements Hard disk n IDE, SATA, and SCSI hard drives are supported. n At least 1 GB free disk space is recommended for each guest operating system and the application software used with it. If you use a default setup, the actual disk space needs are approximately the same as those for installing and running the guest operating system and applications on a physical computer. n For basic installation, 1.5 GB free disk space is required on Windows and Linux. You can delete the installer after the installation is complete to reclaim disk space. n IDE, SATA, and SCSI optical drives are supported. n CD-ROM and DVD drives are supported. n ISO disk image files are supported. Optical CD-ROM and DVD Floppy Virtual machines can connect to disk drives on the host computer. Floppy disk image files are also supported. Solid-State Drives If your host machine has a physical solid-state drive (SSD), the host informs guest operating systems they are running on an SSD. This allows the guest operating systems to optimize behavior. How the virtual machines recognize SSD and use this information depends on the guest operating system and the disk type of the virtual disk (SCSI, SATA, or IDE). n On Windows 8, Windows 10, Ubuntu, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux virtual machines, all drive types can report their virtual disks as SSD drives. n On Windows 7 virtual machines, only IDE and SATA virtual disks can report their virtual disks as SSD. SCSI virtual disks only report as SSD when used as a system drive in a virtual machine, or as a mechanical drive when used as a data drive inside a virtual machine. n On Mac virtual machines, only SATA virtual disks are reported as SSD. IDE and SCSI virtual disks are reported as mechanical drives. Use the virtual machine operating system to verify your virtual machine is using SSD as its virtual disk. Local Area Networking Requirements for Host Systems You can use any Ethernet controller that the host operating system supports. Non-Ethernet networks are supported by using built-in network address translation (NAT) or by using a combination of host-only networking and routing software on the host operating system. VMware, Inc. 14 Using VMware Workstation Pro ALSA Requirements To use ALSA in a virtual machine, the host system must meet certain requirements. n The ALSA library version on the host system must be version 1.0.16 or later. n The sound card on the host system must support ALSA. The ALSA pr...
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  • Spring '18
  • Imran Ahmad
  • Windows XP

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