6200 Theories Final - Notes.docx - CHAPTER 2 The Counselor...

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CHAPTER 2The Counselor: Person and ProfessionalThe Effective CounselorThe most important instrument you have is YOUYour living example of who you are and how you struggle to live up to your potential is powerfulBe authentic and don’t hide behind your roleLeaving your reactions and self out of your work may result in ineffective counselingBe a therapeutic personBe willing to grow, risk, care, and be involvedResearch on Psychotherapy OutcomesAbundant research indicates the centrality of the person of the therapist and therapeutic relationship as key factors in successful therapyThe contextual factors, not techniques, are the primary determinants of therapeutic outcomeCounseling for the CounselorCan help you explore your motivations for being a counselor, countertransference, and other issues that are triggered by clinical workIs important to counselors’ personal and professional developmentIf we are not committed personally to the value of examining life, how can we inspire clients to examine their lives?The Counselor’s ValuesAvoid value imposition either directly or indirectlyInvest time in exploring your personal values and recognize that you are not value-neutralAssist clients in creating goals and finding answers that are most congruent with their own valuesManaging Value ConflictsBracketing can be used to help manage value conflictsCounselors should NOT refuse to render services to clients because of differing values Seek supervision to learn to effectively manage value differences with your clientsBecoming Multiculturally Competent (slide 1 of 2)Become aware of your own biases, values, cultural norms, and expectationsAttempt to understand the world from your client’s vantage pointGain a knowledge of the dynamics of oppression, racism, discrimination, and stereotypingStudy the historical background, traditions, and values of your client and be open to learning from him/herExpand your vantage point to explore your client’s ways of life that are different from your ownDevelop an awareness of acculturation strategies Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists (slide 1 of 2)Dealing with anxietiesBeing oneself and self-disclosingAvoiding perfectionismBeing honest about limitationsUnderstanding silenceDealing with demands from clientsDealing with clients who lack commitmentTolerating ambiguityAvoiding losing oneself in one’s clientsDeveloping a sense of humorSharing responsibility with the client
Declining to give adviceDefining one’s role as a counselorLearning to use techniques appropriatelyDeveloping one’s own counseling styleStaying Alive – It’s a PrerequisiteTake care of your single most important instrument – YOUDevelop self-care strategies and a plan for renewalKnow what causes burnoutKnow how to recognize and remedy burnoutKnow how to prevent burnout through self-careCHAPTER 3Ethical Issues in Counseling PracticeProfessional Ethics

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