9_29_Research&Eval_ReadingNotes.docx - Hagan u2013 Chapter...

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Hagan – Chapter 2: Ethics in CJ ResearchResearch fraud occurs when researchers purposely fabricate or misrepresent their findings.Belmont Report (1978) called for 3 basic principles:oRespect for persons: individuals are to be treated as autonomous agents – informed consentoBeneficence: research not harm subjects, benefits be maximized and harm minimized – risk-benefit assessmentoJustice: both the benefits and burdens of research be distributed equitably through selection of subjects“Shield laws” constitute a governmental immunity from prosecution, a state-guarenteed right to confidentiality for researchers if they are subpoenaed.Code of Ethics include that the CJ researcher take personal responsibility to:oAvoid procedures that may harm respondentsoHonor commitments to respondents and respect reciprocity oExercise objectivity and professional integrity in performing and reporting researchoProtect confidentiality and privacy of respondentsTo avoid ethical problems, need to carefully consider alternate means of data gatheringHagan – Chapter 4: The Uniform Crime Reports and SamplingUCR – most widely cited on crime in US and used as point of comparison for other data-gathering proceduresDOJ – responsible for collection and publication of national crime stats voluntary in nature for police departments to report their stats.Comprises crimes known and recorded by local police depts..UCR has 2 indexes: violent crime index and property crime indexoPart 1: Index Crimes: major felonies including murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arsonoPart 2: Nonindex crimes such as simple assault, vandalism, gambling, drunkenness.

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