Meghan_ Assessment Exam Review.docx -...

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-kaplan-saccuzzo-2013-chapter-1-2-questions-week-1-flash-cards/-kaplan-saccuzzo-2013-chapter-4-5-questions-week-2-flash-cards/Assessment purposes and methodsChanges in psychological and educational assessment and testing:Emphasis on public accountability has lead to high stakes standardized testingThe ecological model has spawned assessment approaches and methods thatare more culturally sensitiveThere is a stronger link between assessment and intervention due to the influence of the scientific method and data-based decision makingRecognize the problemClarify the problemDevelop a hypothesisBased on the data, decide on the accuracy of the hypothesisInterpret and generalize the findingsWhat is the difference between testing and assessment?*short answer, testing refers to the technical skills required to implement an assessment, assessment is process of problem-solving, decision making, and evaluation that will be helpful to client● Testing: Process wherein a specifictest is administered in order to obtain a specificscore. Thus, a descriptive meaning can be assigned to a scorebased on normative findings. *technical, measurement orientedA measurement device or technique used to quantify behavior or help in the understanding and prediction of behaviorOnly measure a sample of behavior, and error is always associated with a sampling process● Assessment:Concerned with a varietyof test scores, generally obtained through multiple test methods, and considers the data in the context of history,referral information, and observed behavior in order to:Understand the person being evaluatedAnswer the referral questions
Communicate results to concerned partiesThe process of collecting data for a specific problem-solving or decision-making purposePurposes:ScreeningInitial stage of assessmentQuestions if the individual is at riskA large number of individuals participate (wide-net)determine if more specific intervention/assessment is neededIntervention planningDecisions: What to do next, what strategy to use, what goals are realistic? counseling etc. Progress monitoring/evaluation:Is this person making satisfactory progress? How do we know we are on the right track, have to be objective throughout all assessmentSpecial educationUsed to determine eligibility for IEPUse MULTIPLE SOURCES OF INFO to determine eligibilityDiagnosis DSM-VAccountabilityUse test scores to say/evaluate how whole school is doing,aggregate data at the clinic, overall, how much is group counseling program helping clients?What is problem-solving?Systematic decision-making process to understanding and intervening with problemsAssessment should be looked at as a problem-solving process Problem Solving (P-S) process as applied to psychologicalassessmentProblem clarificationMake an analysis of referral, being aware of a priori assumptions

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