ANTH 101-EXAM-1-REVIEW-SHEET-2-21-2019 copy.docx - ANTH 101...

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ANTH 101: Introduction to Anthropology (Winter 2019) EXAM 1 Review SheetRemember:1.Your exam is fifty questions. 45 Multiple Choice and 5 True/False2.The exam takes place in class during our normal class time. 3.Please bring a #2 pencil to class.4.Make sure to have your student ID and also know what section you are in.Study suggestions: Use these terms to find topics and concepts to focus on from the lecture and from the chapters. YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND THESE KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTSFour fields of anthropology and what each focuses on and how they do it- sociocultural, archeology, linguistic, biological. Each subfield examines variation over time -linguistics= language in social and cultural context across time and space - Cultural and biological are interconnect. Bio-cultural= combine biological and cultural approaches to understand different issues Origins of North American Anthropology- emerged from the study of Native Americans Ethnography and what it involve- Ethnography is long-term field work in one community. Involves immersion into local culture. Ethnography also compares data collected from ethnographies to make generalizations about society and culture. Your goal is developed trust and gain insight into a person’s life Rapport- a process during Ethnographic research when the interviewer and interviewee establish a relationship through conversation. You want to be relatable Malinowski- an anthropologist that developed the methods and the primacy of anthropological work. Founded sociopathology and field work. Believes that all customs are interrelated and integrated. Functionalism Oldowan Tools- oldest tools invented. Rock toolsAchulean Tools- symmetric tools. Showed first form of society used by homo rectus. More complex. Chips showed their offspring how to make tools Chimps and tool use- nut cracking example. Used stone tools to crack nuts and other thins Boas- he is responsible for the four fields of anthropology. Rather of American anthropology. Against barbarian to ....(look at slides from valentine’s day)(4 field approach) Against that every race has a different skull shape and you can tell based off skull*Participant Observation- aspects of ethnography. Up close and personal *Culture- (look in slides to see the differences between c and C) innate and human compacity to govern actions *culture-Characteristics of culture- culture is learned shared, maladaptive…Modes of culture change- diffusion, acculturation, globalization, inculturation, independent invention Evolution (what it is, how it works)

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