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HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS Health Information SystemsCristina GutierrezWestern Governor’s UniversityApril 18, 20191
HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS IntroductionThe technology that comes with computers defines the reality of the modern world. It equips us with the tools needed to manage the numerous complexities we encounter each day and help bring about efficiency in the diverse areas of work today. Computers help people avoid the drudgery of repetitive tasks, giving us the opportunity, to put personal skills to better use (Toromanovic, Hasanovic, & Masic, 2010). In clinical practice, nurses are needed in the development stages of the HIS system, to understand better, utilize, implement and preserve the nurse’s professional influence on health care and the implementation process. This paper will discuss the health information system and how technology can be instrumental in health care advancement.A1. Advantages and Disadvantages of a HIS SystemUsability - Usability can be termed the level of ease with which a particular item suchas computer systems can be used to reach their intended goal effectively. Health InformationSystems are created in a way that is flexible in design to allow both health care providers andpatients to access health information seamlessly and this increases usability. The interfacesfor patients and care providers could be different to meet the specific needs of the user, whichhelps to improve the usability of the overall system. For example, patients can have access toinformation so that they can understand their care.On the other hand, health care providers could have an interface allowing them accessto detailed patient information that helps them to map the progression of a disease. It couldalso enable providers to make proper diagnoses or even predict the occurrence of a given risk.Advantages for the usability of HIS, allow providers not to write but enter the orders directlyinto the HIS System, even remotely, which reduces transcription errors. Another advantage is2
HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS the use of patient barcoded wristbands that allow scanning a patient’s band prior medicationadministration to reduce medication errors.Interoperability – Interoperability is the ability in the function of a computersystem's programs to run and interact; seamlessly, between other computer operating systems.Since every department in the healthcare community has its unique system such as pharmacy,IT, imaging, patient units, laboratories, it is crucial that the HIS interoperability functionsacross the board. For example, a pharmacist can review a medication order of a patient, and aunit nurse can also verify the medication order, they can run the order through the HIS, and ifinteroperability is set amongst these systems then any order duplications or contraindicationsto the medication will be presented. An advantage to interoperability of the HIS is that alertsor notifications can be viewed from all healthcare departments, which creates increased