Anth 11a Types uses and structures of peace and violence - Conor MacLean Dr Kroot ANTH 11a 13 October 2017 Peace and violence or at least the cognitive

Anth 11a Types uses and structures of peace and violence -...

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Conor MacLean Dr. Kroot ANTH 11a 13, October 2017 Peace and violence, or at least the cognitive idea of them, have existed since the beginning human cognition, and the actual enactment of them since much further in the past. However for violence to still exist today and on such a controversial and pervasive scale seems unnecessary, especially in the country most consider the superpower of the world, the U.S. To properly talk about peace, violence, and their actors in our country and the world as a whole, we must first define them. Peace and violence are not very simple terms to define, in the book Keeping the Peace , Ximena Davies-Vengoechea defines peace and violence as “coexistent dynamics.” and challenges the concept that peace is the absence of violence. There are many different forms of each; the definitions change from one form to the next and from each person's subjective viewpoint. In order to more clearly define these terms they have been divided into subsections; negative peace, positive peace, direct violence, and structural violence. Negative peace is generally defined as the lack of violence or a time of peace that is brought directly by the ending of some violent practice. Positive peace can be defined as peace with justice for all, implying almost nowhere has ever truly been at peace, especially somewhere as dynamic and diverse as the U.S. Direct violence is violence enacted on a specific person or group of people
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