history 155 - ids

history 155 - ids - Civitas: -during the Empire of Gold...

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Civitas: -during the Empire of Gold (later roman empire) 14AD – 180AD -semi-autonomous cities within Roman system -classical open cities -at intersection of Roman roads Villa: -during the Empire of Gold (later roman empire) 14AD – 180AD -roman aristocrats who had large land estates -slave labor provided agriculture *Tetrarchy: - literally - Rule by four - type of Roman government - established in the late 3rd century AD by Diocletian - an attempt to share power with potential rivals. - solved problem of succession Coloni: - free tenants on a large estate - gave up mobility for economic mantienence - large land owners no longer needed “chain gangs” - late (?) 3 rd century Rome Manichaeanism: - religion founded by Manes in the third century - a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity - spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000 -who fucking cares. *Donatism: - a schismatic Christian religion in northern Africa - from the 4th to the 7th century - held that only those who led a blameless life belonged in the church or could administer the sacraments - named for Donatus, who was a bishop and the founder - they were tested for readmission to Christianity - the purity test - functional disqualification Arianism: -condemned the Council of Nicaea - The doctrines of Arius (early 4th century) and his followers - asserted that Christ was a man, distinct from and subordinate to God - Arius became condemned as a heretic
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*Council of Nicaea: - Christian council that met in 325 to determine orthodoxy with respect to persons of Trinity - insisted on divinity of all persons of the Trinity. - didn’t satisfy Constantine’s desire for Christian unity - determined manner of prayer (kneeling) Caesaropapism: - holds the powers of both ruler and of the pope. - the authority the Byzantine emperors had over the Eastern Christian Church - from the 500s through the 10th century Nestorianism: - 428 AD - 2 separate natures of Christ – divine and human - objected to the idea that Mary was the mother of Christ - these views were condemned at the council of Ephesus Monophysitism: - early 5 th century - rejected idea of 2 separate natures of God - human nature became uncreated by the divine nature of Christ - A heresy which arose in the fifth century concerning the two Natures of Christ Pope Leo I: - pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 440 to 461 - first to receive the title “The Great” - held authority over western bishops - best known for having met Attila the Hun outside Rome in 452 in an attempt to persuade the king not to sack the city - He is also a Doctor of the Church, and a leading figure in the centralization of the organization of the Roman Catholic Church Ulfilas: - b. 311-381 - translated the bible to Gothic - created the Gothic alphabet - a Gothic bishop of Arian convictions St. Anthony: St. Jerome/Vulgate: - 347-420 - best known as the translator of the Bible from Greek and Hebrew into Latin - also was a Christian apologist
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St. Augustine:
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history 155 - ids - Civitas: -during the Empire of Gold...

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