ws exam 2 - Review Women's Studies 103 Exam 2 Infectious...

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Review – Women’s Studies 103 – Exam 2 Infectious diseases “Killing Us Softly 3” -Show that you’re taking 103 -No trick questions -A lot more matching -Match glands with where they are on body. -What gland produces what hormone, and what the hormone does. (flashcards) Opportunistic infections: infection you wouldn’t normally catch, but because immune system is compromised – the infection is able to develop. First associated with HIV/AIDS. Ex: -yeast infections -pelvic inflammatory disease -abnormal pap smears -cervical cancer itself. -HPV Post ovulation: lining of the uterus has to be “fat and juicy” so fertilized egg has the ability to attach to the lining. (Progesterone produces this - also inhibits uterine contractions) I. Hypothalamus Gland (master gland) knows it’s time to start because of low levels of estrogen and progesterone. Trophic hormone. - turns system on by “releasing” hormones (LHRH=GnRH) LHRH: also known as GnRH –triggers the anterior pituitary to release of both 1) FSH and 2)LH – which trigger ovaries to release estrogen & progesterone o FSH stimulates follicle o Also causes LH surge (which is caused by high estrogen) o LH surge pushes egg out of ovary II. Pituitary Gland works closely with hypothalamus – this is the real boss. A. posterior: oxytocin = release milk B. anterior: - Prolactin: makes milk *LH – stimulates ovulation *FSH – stimulates follicle to grow III. Parathyroid Gland A. Parathyroid hormone: controls blood calcium -raises calcium levels in blood = steals it -high estrogen = inhibit parathyroid -after menopause = parathyroid kicks in B. Calcitonin: works to lower blood plasma calcium
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VI. Adrenal glands – cortex -sex hormones: androgen, estrogen. o if ovaries don’t produce estrogen, adrenal glands will won’t run out o Both men & women produce same hormones, but in different amounts can’t tell by blood sample o VII. Ovaries A. Estrogens B. Progesterones C. Androgens D. Relaxin: softens cartilage, as prep for childbirth VIII. Placenta A. Produces estrogen & progesterone B. HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) – this hormone in urine is often the basis of pregnancy tests C. HCS (human chrorionic somatommatropin) with prolactic, helps stimulate the growth of the mammary gland Menstruation: Amenorrhea: lack of menstruation Dysmenorrhea: painful menstruation
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ws exam 2 - Review Women's Studies 103 Exam 2 Infectious...

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