Analizing Acttus HW.pdf - Analyzing Atticus’s Closing...

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Learning Targets • Recognize the rhetorical appeals used in a speech. • In a written paragraph, compare and contrast the use of rhetorical appeals in a key scene in two mediums. Working from the Text: Chapters 17–19 1. Review the testimony presented in Chapters 17–19. Which rhetorical appeals do the lawyers and witnesses use? Find textual evidence of each of the following: Logos: an appeal to logic or reason Ethos: an appeal to ethics or the character of the speaker Pathos: an appeal to senses or emotions Discuss: • Which speakers rely primarily on pathos? • Which speakers would have had difficulty appealing to ethos? • What evidence comes to light through appeals to logos? Preview In this activity, you will read, take note of rhetorical appeals, and analyze Atticus’s closing argument from Chapter 20. Setting a Purpose for Reading • Highlight rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, and pathos). • Circle unknown words and phrases. Try to determine the meaning of the words by using context clues, word parts, or a dictionary. • Draw a star next to any elements of an argument (hook, claim, evidence, counterclaims, and call to action). My Notes LEARNING STRATEGIES: Rereading, Marking the Text, SMELL, Graphic Organizer, Drafting ACTIVITY 3.19 Analyzing Atticus’s Closing Argument © 2018 College Board. All rights reserved. Unit 3 • Coming of Age in Changing Times 263
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My Notes Novel from To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapter 20) by Harper Lee 1 “Gentlemen,” he was saying, “I shall be brief, but I would like to use my remaining time with you to remind you that this case is not a diffi cult one, it requires no minute sifting of complicated facts, but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant. To begin with, this case should never have come to trial. This case is as simple as black and white. 2 “The state has not produced one iota of medical evidence to the effect that the crime Tom Robinson is charged with ever took place. It has relied instead upon the testimony of two witnesses whose evidence has not only been called into serious question on cross-examination, but has been flatly contradicted by the defendant. The defendant is not guilty, but somebody in this courtroom is. 3 “I have nothing but pity in my heart for the chief witness for the state, but my pity does not extend so far as to her putting a man’s life at stake, which she has done in an effort to get rid of her own guilt. 4 “I say guilt, gentlemen, because it was guilt that motivated her. She has committed no crime, she has merely broken a rigid and time-honored code of our society, a code so severe that whoever breaks it is hounded from our midst as unfi t to live with. She is the victim of cruel poverty and ignorance, but I cannot pity her: she is white. She knew full well the enormity of her offense, but because her desires were stronger than the code she was breaking, she persisted in breaking it. She persisted, and her subsequent reaction is something that all of us have known at one time or another. She did
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