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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 125 Final Study Guide Public Goods: Something which broadly benefits everyone and in which the consumption by one person does not exclude someone else. What is the ideal of democracy? Decisions that affect our common fates and interests should reflect the collective will of all citizens than that of the powerful elites. What is the demand constraint? The demand constraint refers to restrictions on what people are prepared to demand from the government. What is the resource constraint? The resource constraint refers to the different capacities different people have for pursuing their political demands. What is rational ignorance? It is rational for most people to remain ignorant about political matters because the cost of acquiring quality information is less than the benefit of good information. What is the free rider problem regarding democracy? If your participation makes little difference, and if it is costly to participate, why bother? You cannot participate and still receive the benefit if everyone did so, nothing would happen. Why do people bother to vote then, Kate?-Moral rejection of being a free rider-Civic obligation What are the three kinds of taxes? (1) Poll Tax: everyone pays the same AMOUNT (2) Flat Tax: everyone pays the same PERCENTAGE on their income (3) Progressive Tax: everyone pays the same TAX BURDEN, makes the same sacrifice How could you respond to Americans are way overtaxed? In comparison with other countries, we are not taxed that much. (10% below In comparison with other countries, we are not taxed that much....
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- Fall '06