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LI B RARY OF THL U N IVER_SITY Of ILLINOIS 331.1 y\o. \-2.5
J
•t<o&» MOTION-I> and TIME Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations NIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS I
EDITORIAL NOTE This University of Illinois Bulletin is the second of three to be published by the Insti- tute of Labor and Industrial Relations on Industrial Engineering topics. The topics are Job Evaluation, Motion and Time Study, and Wage Incentives. These Bulletins are not intended to "promote" the use of these tech- niques, but to aid managements and unions which have decided to adopt them. The Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations was established at the University of Illinois in 1946 to "inquire faithfully, hon- estly, and impartially into labor-management problems of all types, and secure the facts which will lay the foundation for future progress in the whole field of labor relations." The Bulletin series is designed to carry out these aims by presenting information and ideas on subjects of interest to persons active in the field of labor-management relations. These Bulletins are nontechnical, for general and popular use. Additional copies of this Bulletin and others are available for distribution. ROBBEN W. FLEMING, BARBARA D. DEN.NIS, Director Editor I.L.I.R. BULLETIN NO. 24 (The number 24 represents the total number of 6u//etins published by the Institute of Labor and Industrial Re- lations to date. This series was originally called Series A and later I.L.I.R. Publications, Bulletin Series, with Vol- ume and Number. Hereafter I.L.I.R. 6u//etins will be published at irregular intervals and will be numbered consecutively. I.L.I.R. Publications, Bulletin Series, Vol. 6, No. 1, Workers on fhe Move, published in September, 1952, is the Bu//ef/n in this series immediately preceding this publication.) UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS BULLETIN \'alume 51, Number 73: June, 1954. Published seven times each month by the University of Illinois. Entered as second-class matter December 11, 1912. at the post office at Urbana. Illinois, under the Act of August 24. 1912. Office of Publication. 2(17 .Administration Building. Urbana, Illinois.
Motion and Time Study by L. C. PIGAGE Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Labor and Indusfriol Relations J. L. TUCKER Chief Industrial Engineer, CofTing Hoist Company. Former Instructor of Mechanical Engineering in Labor and Industrial Relations and Extension
TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 7 Why Have Motion and Time Study? 9 Motion and Time Study in the Wage Structure 10 Motion Study 11 Process Chart 12 Flow Chart 18 Operation Chart 18 Micromotion (Simo) Chart 22 Conclusion 22 Time Study 23 Approaching the Employee and Job to Be Time-Studied . 23 Determining the Job Content 24 Determining the Elements of the Job 26 Recording the Actual Time Values 27 Determining the Average Time to Do the Job by a Certain Operator 34 Determining the Base Time for the Job by Rating or Leveling 36 Determining and Applying Allowances 37 Applying the Standard as Determined by the Time Study 40 Conclusion AA Selected Bibliography 45
Introduction To mention motion and time study to a group of

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