Communism and Its Downfall
Communism is a way of governing a country in which the state (the government) controls
all parts of life.
In 1947, the International Communist League asked Karl Marx to create a
statement of policy for the Communist party.
Marx and a man named Friedrich Engels got
together and wrote
The Communist Manifesto
which outlined all the major thoughts behind the
theory of Communism (Cohen 89).
is more than a program, more than an
analytical and tightly woven argument: it is an impassioned plea for the union of the laboring
classes” (Cohen 89).
The ideas that formed the base of Communism were: the state can take
property in land and collects rents in state enterprises, a progressive system of taxation, no
inheritance, all property belonging to non-citizens will be taken away, the state will gain all
credit through a national bank which also will be a guaranteed monopoly, the state will control
all means of transportation, nationalized factories will be expanded, all people will have an equal
obligation to labor, agriculture and industry will be united under common managers, and
children will be taken out of the factories and given free education (Marx 29).
Some of the ideas
Marx came up with would actually help countries all over the world even if they did not decide
to make the transformation toward the Communist utopia.
The countries which had a
Communist government in the year 1980 were the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),
Mongolia, Mainland China, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Cuba, Angola,
Mozambique, Somalia, Ethiopia, Yugoslavia, Albania, and Afghanistan (Harvey xviii-xix).
From the formation of the Soviet Union, the Communist government was destined to collapse
due to its leaders losing sight of the original goal of the socialist utopia and the idea that people
need to be able to make decisions through their own free will.