Chapter Notes (online) (2).pdf - Ch 1 – Introduction to...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 73 pages.

Ch 1 – Introduction to Texas History and Politics The Six Flags of Texas: From Spain to Statehood What was the first European nation to lay claim to the land that would become Texas? What were the other five? Spain 1519 – Alonso Alvarez de Pineda explored and mapped the Texas coastline 1540 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado began to intentionally survey the interior of Texas o Many people back in Spain thought that Texas was full of hidden treasures, when Coronado didn’t find any, Spain abandoned Texas and concentrated on other territories France Established a small colony (Fort Saint Louis) in the late 1680s after a shipwreck near Matagorda bay Spain, again Worried by the (failed) French settlement, the Spanish decided to increase settlement efforts by establishing missions and presidios (fortified settlements) in the eastern part of its territory (Texas) o Spanish settlers, Tejanos, were brought up from Mexico, first settling along the Rio Grande, then as far north as San Antonio and as far east as Nacogdoches o In the early 1800s the US bought the Louisiana Territory from France and English-speaking Americans, Anglos, started to move farther west – Spain invited some of them to settle in Texas, giving them land grants called empresarios . For example, Moses Austin, father of Stephen F. Austin, was given a land grant by Spain in 1820. After its independence from Spain in 1821, Mexico honored this grant and gave more to Anglo-Americans. The Republic of Mexico Mexico combined the territories of Texas and Coahuila Mexico continued the empresario system and many Southern, US Anglos moved into Texas, brining African-American slaves with them What were some (potential) conflicts for the Anglo immigrants? o The anti-slavery movement in Mexico was already very strong o Cultural differences between Spanish-speaking Catholics and English-speaking Protestants o Pres. (Antonio Lopez de) Santa Anna: Suspended the Mexican Constitution (and with it, federalism and states’ rights) Dissolved the Mexican Congress Abolished the Texas state legislature Limited immigration, property rights and economic freedom for Anglos (Santa Anna felt that the Anglo settlers were becoming too numerous and the US too bold – the US had already offered to buy Texas) o Revolution was in the air – two other Mexican states had already rebelled and tried to get independence (Yucatan and Laredo), plus many Anglo Texans had grandparents who remembered the Revolutionary War against the UK
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

o Santa Anna led the Mexican forces on the battlefield to suppress the rebellion and force the Anglos out of Mexican territory (deportation) He had a reputation of brutally punishing rebels and not taking prisoners The Alamo was a bad move for Santa Anna for two reasons: 1. If you don’t take prisoners, your enemies won’t surrender but will fight you to the death 2. Slaughtering everyone gives people martyrs to be inspired by and live up to
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Spring '18
  • KENYATTA PHELPS

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern