HIST 1302 .docx - Lectures Readings topics Lecture 1...

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Lectures Readings & topicsPRINT PAGES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34Lecture 1Chapter: 15 Topics: Arguments over Reconstruction, arguments over Reconstruction,Rutherford B. Hayes & the end of reconstructionTerms: 1.Appomattox Courthouse- A village in Virginia where General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant in April 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War.2.Robert E. Lee- A general of the nineteenth century; the commander of Confederate troops during the Civil War. Lost the Battle of Gettysburg. He surrendered to the Union army, under the command of Ulysses S. Grant, at Appomattox Court House in 1865.3.Homestead Act- any person who wants to settle in the middle America(western settlement) 15(6)0-acres for free just needed to do something(create new markets for goods, services, and spurring railroad construction to connect frontier communities w/ major cities) promote economic growth.4.William Tecumseh Sherman- sat down with Pres. Lincoln & Ulysses S. Grant to put an end to the war(confederates)Bring “total war”- terrorized women and children to stop war, whole in constructer was destroyed in the south, union army took it all(house, veggies, food, chickens, burned houses) south suffering economic depression5.Emancipation Proclamation- war tool- w/o slaves in the rebellious states the economic depression would stay the same, freed slaves in areas still under rebellion during the Civil War, but citizenship status remained unresolved, 6.13th Amendment- abolishes slavery, 7.Freedmen’s Bureau- 1stWelfare Agency, help people w/ poor & emancipated people (Find Employment, Educators, Soup Kitchens, Home/Sleep) underfunded8.Reconstruction- rebuilding the U.S. after the war, political/economic change9. Ten-Percent Plan- states who were part of the confederate had to vote 10% of the population to be part of the union, and had to abolish slavery10. Wade-Davis Plan- (insult to the south) 1. 50% of voting population to swear loyalty to the union 2. 50% represented hat to present Iron Clad Oath-evidence that they never spoke out against U.S. and havenever supported the confederacy 3. If you can get 50% of the state pop. you have to – abolish slavery, in writing – civil liberties to African Americans.11. John Wilkes Booth-famous actor, thespian family – well-known, wanted to cripple the U.S., wants South to come back, intricate conspiracy, assassinates Linc.12. Andrew Johnson- becomes Pres. after Linc. gets assassinated, southerner(Tennessee), did not believe in succession(confederacy), did not like the planter elite, 1stpresident to get impeached – unconstitutional laws passed by congress
13. Black Codes- no intentions of getting rid of plantations and picking cotton, African Americans go to town center to prove job enrollment if not get job in the fields, children- jobs chosen for them, were intended to make sure “the ex-slave was not a free man; he was a free Negro”14. 14th Amendment- designed to guarantee abolished slaveries constitutional rights15. Military Reconstruction Act- required each state to create a new constitution that guaranteed the

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