PLSC1 Note.docx - 1\/9 Citizenship technical matter Informed and active membership in a political community Participation requires some knowledge of how

PLSC1 Note.docx - 1/9 Citizenship technical matter...

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1/9 Citizenship: technical matter Informed and active membership in a political community Participation requires some knowledge of how the politics and government work. Regime types: 2 axes: who governs (how many)? What limits are there on government power? Autocracies 民主专政 : single individual (monarchs, or dictatorship) Oligarchies 寡头专政 : rule by the few (landowners, wealthy, military officers) Democracies: rule by the many: permits citizens to play a significant part in gov’t processes. Constitutional (or liberal) gov’ts: these have a lot of limits (bill of rights, limited powers) Authoritarian gov’ts : gov’t recognizes no formal limits but some competing institutions are allowed. Allowed churches. Totalitarian gov’ts : gov’t does not allow any competing institutions. (Germany in WW2. No opposition idea, no group meeting privately) Limiting gov’t and its history: 1215 Magna Carta (still have monarchy) 1600s: rise of merchant class 1776 U.S Revolutionary War and the first modern constitution that designs a representative democracy (republic) Democracy:2 types Direct democracy: where the citizens make decisions on policy (without representatives). Representative democracy: the citizens elect people to represent them; the representatives make policy on behalf of the people. Pluralism 多 元 化 : the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence over gov’t. Direct Action politics: civil disobedience, protesting, going into the streets to demand change. Who are Americans? Immigration: tend to induce fear among people; zeonophobia 排外主 African Americans are not citizens until passage of the 14 th Amendment, 1865 Chinese: 1882 Chinese Exclusionary Act; 1943 reversed when China is our ally in WW2. 1/11 1763 the end of the French and Indian War People don’t want small revolution, for it’s bloody MERCANTILISM What type of economic system or taxes that British tax on US? Merchant tax
(Adam Smith writes the Wealth of Nations) 1777 Continental Congress writes the Article of Confederation (not a true gov’t) (1789 French revolution) 1786 Fall: Annapolis Convention, alter the Article of Confederation, another meeting in Philly 1786 Winter: Shay’s Rebellion, can’t pay anything, so close 1/14 5 identifiable groups in the colonies at this time New England merchants Southern planters The “royalists” holders of royal land, offices, and patents Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers Small farmers 1786 Shay’s Rebellion 1787 May: a meeting in Philadelphia, Constitutional Convention 2 main debates What will the design of our legislature be?

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